Know all about TOEFL!
TOEFL is administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS), a private non-profit organisation, and College Board from 1965 onwards. The test has graduated from only TOEFL paper-based test (PBT) initially to TOEFL computer-based test (CBT) in 1998, to TOEFL Internet-based test in 2005 (iBT). The paper-based version of the TOEFL (PBT) continues to be administered on specific dates in some countries, particularly in areas where accessibility to the TOEFL iBT is a concern. This includes select centres in Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Myanmar, Norway, Russian Federation, South Africa and even the US, to name a few.
Taking the TOEFL test
The first step to take TOEFL test is to decide where (the location) one should take the test. The decision would enable you to opt for one of the two formats: TOEFL iBT or TOEFL PBT. All test centres in India offer the TOEFL iBT.
TOEFL iBT assesses all four language skills-reading, listening, speaking and writing-that are considered important for effective communication. According to the test administrators, the objective of Internet version emphasises integrated skills such that academic institutions are better informed about the test-takers on their ability to communicate in an academic setting and their readiness for academic coursework.
Candidates have up to four hours to complete the test attempting all the four sections on the same day. You need to be familiar with certain features on the computer. For instance, on the computer screen, you are aided by a tool bar which lets you know what question you are answering and how much time is left in the section. The ‘volume’ button enables you to adjust the volume of the listening material and ‘Next’ makes way for the next question. ‘Help’ gives you a way to get relevant help. But remember, when you use the ‘help’ feature, the clock does not stop. In the Reading section, for some questions, you need to click ‘view text’ to see entire reading passage. You can also see all answers by clicking on ‘review’, which permits you to change your answer. In the Speaking section, wear headphones and speak into a microphone to respond. Responses are recorded on the computer and sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network. The Writing section has two tasks. Task 1: Type your answer in response to material you hear and read. Task 2: Compose an essay in support of an opinion.
Questions in these sections integrate two, three or all the four sections. This implies that you have to read a passage, listen to a short lecture about the topic, and then speak or write in response. Those who register to take TOEFL iBT also get access to a link (TOEFL iBT Sampler), when the registration is complete, which gives them access to questions from all four sections. While the Reading and Listening sections are interactive, sample responses are provided for Writing/Speaking questions.
For the Paper-based Test (TOEFL PBT), the total test time is approximately two-and-a-half hours. This consists of three separately timed sections: Listening Comprehension, Structure and Written Expression and Reading Comprehension. The questions in each section are multiple choice, with four possible answers or options per question. For those taking the TOEFL PBT test, the Test of Written English (TWE) is required.
Assessing the TOEFL test and TOEFL test scores
According to TOEFL administrators, the TOEFL score is more objective and reliable. This is because the candidate’s speaking responses are recorded and evaluated by three to six ETS raters rather than only one rater from a local testing site. ETS adds that students choose TOEFL for “its reputation for quality, fairness and 100 percent academic composition”. Moreover, of the 7500 institutions that accept TOEFL scores, they are among the top 100 universities in the world.
ETS uses both human raters and automated scoring methods. As per ETS administrators, “human raters are needed to attend to a wider variety of features, such as the quality of ideas and content as well as form. ETS raters are trained extensively; pass a certification test and are calibrated daily." The calibration includes task familiarisation, guidance on scoring the task, and practice on a range of responses. When you finish taking the test, you can opt to cancel your score. But you cannot cancel your score for one section and have scores for other sections reported. Cancelling the scores simply implies that they will not be reported to you or any institutions. In this case your test fee will not be refunded. You can also reinstate the cancelled score. One is able to view the scores online in about 14 hours after he/she takes the test.
|Testing of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) - An Overview|
|Skill||Score range |
|Level||Possible number of |
3–5 passages (700 words each approximately),
12–14 questions each;
The tasks primarily assess your performance as you read the passages
1. To effectively scan the text for key facts and important information
2. With increasing fluency and rate
3. Comprehending main idea (s) to state implied inferences
4. To learn its organisation and purpose
5. To understand relationships between ideas
|Listening||0-30||High (22-30) |
|4–6 lectures (each 3-5 minutes long), 6 questions per lecture; 2–3 conversations (about 3 |
minutes long), 5 queries per
conversation; 60–90 minutes
|To measure test-taker’s ability in understanding spoken English as it is used in educational institutes. The tasks are based on listening to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations based on which you are assessed for:1. Comprehending the main idea, important points and details 2. Pragmatic understanding wherein you recognise the speaker’s attitude and purpose 3. Connecting and synthesizing information|
|T E N M I N U T E S B R E A K|
|Speaking||0-30 score scale. Each task is rated 0-4. The sum is converted to a scaled score 0- 30||Good (26-30) Fair (18-25) Limited (10-17) Weak (0-9)||6 tasks: 2 independent & 4 integrated; 20 minutes. Integrated task involves reading a passage (75–100 words) & then listening to passage (60–90 seconds) that comments on the issue in passage||The section assesses your ability to speak English in the manner you would usually speak in colleges and universities. You get to know how well you have developed your topic and delivered your message (with own ideas & experiences) in English. In integrated tasks, you first read and listen, and then speak in response|
|Writing||0-30 score scale. The two tasks are rated from 0 to 5||Good (24-30) Fair (17-23) Limited (1-16)||1 integrated task; 20 minutes; 1 independent task (writing from experience & Knowledge); 30 minutes||The section measures your ability to write in a way that is appropriate in an academic setting for understanding the course work. It is a function of how well you have integrated writing task for development, organisation, grammar, accuracy vocabulary and its completeness|
|Concordance estimate of PTE Academic; IELTS and TOEFL iBT scores*|
*based on preliminary score comparison of 10,000 test takers worldwide who took the recent IELTS, TOEFL iBT and PTE
(source: Interpreting the PTE Academic Score Report by Pearson, accessed at www.pearsonpte.com September 04, 2010)
Questions related to TOEFL
I have done my BDS from Bangalore. Will SAT, IELTs, and TOEFL be of any use for doing my MDS in foreign??
Yes , your mentioned exams SAT, TOFEL, IELTS will be helpful for getting into foreign universities for MDS , almost all Universities in maximum countries require one English language proficiency test which may be either TOFEL or IELTS , now it's your choice which one you will go for and now if it is about SAT so in such it is not mandatory but majority of University accept your admission through SAT exam also, while apart from this some other exams are also accepted for admission in foreign universities .
Best of luck.
If I want to go to uk, canada or usa to pursue higher studies, which exam should i give? GMAT,GRE,SAT,ACT, TOEFL OR IELTS? Also, please give me a comparisons between these exams
The type of exam should you give depends on the University you're looking for and also the course.
SAT or ACT is basically for Undergraduate courses while GRE and GMAT is for Postgraduate courses. TOEFL and IELTS are basically English Proficiency tests. They are given by the candidates whose native language is not English, it too varies according to the university. Every university has it's different criteria but if you're looking for Undergraduate course then you should give SAT as it is accepted by many universities and the language exam based on what the university is accepting.
how much marks should we get to a good college in abroad
Thank you for your question. The marks required for good foreign universities depend on the subject you want to study and which level you want to study. In most of the Foreign Universities the study levels are divided into Diploma, Undergraduates, Masters and PhD which has a different costs according to the college you choose. But for reference the following are the fess for the top institutions in the World with the level of studies with the location of the Universities
1)Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT)
- Location: United States of America
- Undergraduate fees: US$ 67,430 per academic year Approximately
- Postgraduate fess: US$24,790 per term Approximately
2) Stanford University
- Location: United States of America
- Undergraduate fees 2019-2020: US$ 17,619 Approximate
- Postgraduate fess 2019-2020: US$ 21,000 Approximately
- Location: United States of America
- Postgraduate Tution fees for 2 years: US$48,000
- PHD Tution fees: US$54,880
4)University of Oxford
- Location: United Kingdom
- Undergraduate Tution fees: 36,000 Pounds
- Postgraduate Tution fees: 25,740 Pounds
5)California Institute of Technology(CALTECH)
- Location: United States of America
- Undergraduate Tution fees: 34-37 Lakhs INR
- Postgraduate Tution Fees: 34-37 Lakhs INR
These are the details for the Top 5 Universities in the World.
All the best for your future endeavours
What is the step by step procedure to apply for TOEFL?
TOEFL stands for test of English as a foreign language. Which is a basic examination for joining any e foreign Institute .here is the steps of how to register yourself for TOEFL:
- go to the official website and create your own profile.
- Select your TOEFL test you wish to appear for.
- Schedule your exam date & center.
- Fill out some information same as your passport.
- answer some demographic questions which among some are required and some are optional also.
- Payment by debit card credit card or online payment.
&All is done. Receive your confirmation mail.
Are there any good Indian universities that accept TOEFL score?
Some tip Indian Universities which accepts TOEFL scores are:
Aurora’s Engineering College
Central Institute of English & Foreign Languages
IDEA Institute of Management & Technology
Indian Institute of Social Welfare & Business Management
Indian School of Business