Work after study in USA
Most of the study abroad aspirants have immigration in mind when they apply in a foreign university. While some countries have stringent rules that provide least chances for the students to stay back after completing the course, a few have visa policies that help the international students to find a job after studies. USA is an immigration friendly country that allows international students to work after studies. The article looks into visa norms of the USA for international students who wish to find a job in the country after completing higher studies.
The F-1 non-immigrant student visa allows the students to take up on-campus work up to 20 hours per week in the first nine months. Once the student completes the course, he/she has the following employment opportunities:
Optional Practical Training (OPT)
The OPT established by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) allows international students to stay back in the US after completing the course. The OPT employment needs authorization from USCIS and from the school’s International Student Office.OPT allows the students to work for 12 months in total after completing the course in the USA. The students can apply for OPT nine months after starting their course.
However, the students cannot start working till they receive Employment Authorization Document (EAD) from USCIS. However, the students can start working only after completing one year of studies. It is not compulsory that the students need a job offer while applying for OPT EAD. The OPT allows the students to work anywhere in the USA. The students must start the application process for OPT EAD early (as soon as completing first nine months in the US university). The OPT takes 90 days to process the application. The students have to work closely with the International Student’s Office during the processing of the OPT EAD to avoid delays and problems.
The students can be authorised to 12 month full time OPT at different levels of study. For example, a student can join for an undergraduate programme, complete it and do 12 months OPT. Then he can join for a graduate course and is eligible to do another 12 months OPT after completing the graduate course.
Major requirements of OPT
The candidate must have a lawful F-1 visa (student visa) to undertake studies in a US university
The candidate’s employment must be related to his course of study
The candidate must apply for OPT before the completion of all work (research papers etc.) towards the course he/she is studying
The students who have undertaken 12 months or more full time Curricular Practical Training (CPT) are not eligible to apply for OPT
If the candidate takes up part-time OPT in graduate school, it will be reduced from the total OPT working time. For example, the candidate works for six months as part time OPT, his/her OPT full time working permit will be reduced by three months and the remaining working permit for full time will be nine months.
Conditions of OPT
The working hours after receiving OPT is 40 hours per week after completing the course
The student must complete the OPT within 14 months after completing the course
If the student is leaving the country after completing the course and before receiving the EAD and getting a job, he/she is not permitted in the country
If the student leaves the country after completing the course, receiving the EAD and getting a job, he/she can re-enter the country by carrying a valid passport, F-1 visa and valid EAD card
OPT extension for students undertaking STEM related courses
The OPT requirements have been updated by Department of Homeland Security in 2008 which enabled the students studying STEM courses to get an extension of OPT by 17 months which made their OPT for a total of 29 months. This was to help the students who completed OPT and could not get H1B visa due to the time constrains. The students must undertake one of the following courses to get an extension:
Computer Science Applications
These are some of the courses that are covered in STEM course. Click here to get the complete list of STEM courses that can get OPT extension.
Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
CPT is an off-campus employment option for the F-1 visa holders which allow them to do “alternative work/study, internship, cooperative education, or any other type of required internship or practicum that is offered by sponsoring employers through cooperative agreements with the school” if practical training is an integral part of the course.
In order to get CPT, the student requires authorization by his school’s International Student Office and notification to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS). The student is paid during the CPT employment.
Eligibility criteria to get CPT employment
The student must be enrolled in a US university for at least one year with a valid F-1 visa
The CPT training must be compulsory for the student which leads to obtaining academic credit
The candidate must get a job offer in his/her field of study that leads to academic credit before applying for CPT authorisation
There are two types of CPT: full time and part time. The CPT authorisation will mention whether the student can work part time (20 hours per week) or full time (40 hours). After receiving the CPT authorisation, the candidate can work for the specific employer for the mentioned period of time during the application.
Unlike OPT, CPT does not have any limitation to the period of work. However, if a student works for more than 12 months under CPT, he/she is not eligible for OPT.
Employment with an international organisation
The international students with F-1 visa can work with recognised international organisations if they find an employment. The organisation must be one of the following:
Organisations in the Official State Department list
African and Asian Development Banks
World Health Organization
World Trade Organization
And other internationally well known organisations
Conditions to work for an international organisation
The student must have obtained a job or internship opportunity with an recognised international organisation
The student must obtain a job in the course of his/her study
The student must have a valid F-1 visa for at least one year
The student must have excellent academic record
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Questions related to United States of America
I wish to become a Neurosurgeon, but first I wish to practice in the United States or Singapore for half of my career and to spend last half of my career in India. Whether my wish is a good one? Is it possible? Is my decision is correct? Kindly commend on my wish?
Raja, we have been discussing your career and aspirations for a while now and we appreciate that you want to take Career360's opinion on the matter of your career. So by now, you are aware of the fact what it takes to become a neurosurgeon and what it is to clear USMLE, practise as a resident in the US. We also have discussed the life style and the salary part. Now regarding the first half and later half of the career, we only wish we could predict our timeline on this planet. We do not which might be the first half or which might be the later part. But no wish is bad. If you want to achieve something, you should lest you regret for the rest of your lofe. Now to practise in the US, you may have to appear for USMLE, clear the step 1 and then practise as a resident before you can get the license to practise as a full time neurosurgeon. That is a long process that might take good 4-5 years. You study MBBS in India for 50 months and then complete the 1 year rotational internship and it takes you as many as 5 years. And appearing for USMLE and then working as a resident take another 4 years and so 10 years of your life are spent getting a valid license to practise in the US. And then lets say after 5 years you want to move to Singapore, that takes a whole different processing because you need to appear for their license exam. And you work in Singapore for lets say another 5 years and you come back to India. 15 years of your life are spent studying and getting licenses. But the beauty is within 15 years you can actually get license to practise in 3 countries. So you need to take a call. Or how about you finish MBBS in India, move to Singapore to study your MD/MS and plan on moving to the US? That way the transition is going to be smoother.
Is there any age limit to take admission into Ph.D in USA?
The age limit which almost every University demands is 35 years. If anybody is above that they can might miss the chance to get enroll theirselves for phd.
This age is decided because phd is all about researching and writing ,they usually demand people who is also iinvolved in academics and departmental works.
Are Neurosurgeons happy in San Francisco?
Well I guess they are because they get very good six figure salary and have a great job security although it's stressing but still they like their job cause they got into it knowing the stress it may carry. Neurosurgery is very much in demand and is a very great speciality in medical field.
I hope my answer helps.
All the best.
Are Neurosurgeons happy in New York?
It will all depend upon the lifestyle and the office hours you put in the work. The number of opd days, OT days and the visit to the wards for rounds. It all affect the free time period for a doctor. In USA,you have to pay tax for the services thus it can be little less than what you make in india
Are US Neurosurgeons rich enough to live a comfortable life in the United States?
It will totally depend where are you working and what are you getting paid.
As US is anyways costly ,there lifestyle tends to change.Neurosurgeons in Us are paid according to their qualification as well as where they work
According to research
The average income for a neurosurgeon is $775,968
The middle range income is approx $704,170
the lowest paid are $350,000
And the top 10 % of the neurosurgeon get a pay of $1,229,881 per year!
So it totally depends upon your qualification and the place you work if you can have a comfortable life or not