ACT Exam Pattern 2019
Updated on Jan 28, 2019 - 6:13 p.m. IST by Ranjini Basu

ACT Exam Pattern 2019: ACT® Test is conducted by ACT (a non-profit organisation) to assess the readiness of the high school students aspiring to pursue undergraduate studies in the US; therefore the ACT 2019 exam pattern has been designed in a way that the test takers can connect with their high school curriculum. According to the ACT exam pattern 2019, candidates can choose to appear in any of the two formats of ACT test, namely ACT (without/no writing) or ACT (with writing). Candidates can choose the test format depending on the requirement of the candidates’ desired college in the US. The subjects which are included in the ACT test are English, Mathematics, Science, and Reading. In this article by careers360, candidates would be able to gather information on the exam pattern of ACT 2019 including the type of questions, scoring pattern, sub-scoring topics etc.


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There is a sharp distinction between SAT and ACT. Unlike the former, ACT 2019 is not an Aptitude or an IQ test, as questions are directly related to what students have learnt during the high school days. The ACT test also measures the endurance level of a candidate as in accordance with the ACT 2019 exam pattern, they need to solve 215 questions in a span of about four hours.

Fast Facts related to ACT exam pattern 2019

Total Duration

2 hours and 55 minutes

Exam Format

Two formats- ACT (no writing)

                      ACT (with writing)

Number of Questions

215 or 216 (One extra essay question for ACT with writing)

Type of Questions

Multiple-choice questions (MCQ)

Testing Subjects

English, Mathematics, Reading, and Science

Other information

Additional 40 minutes is given to candidates who opt for ACT(with optional essay writing)

ACT Exam Pattern 2019: Section-wise details

English: The duration of the English test is 45 minutes and consists of 75 multiple-choice questions, covering six areas: sentence structure, strategy, punctuation, grammar and usage, organization, and style. Questions pertaining to punctuation, grammar and sentence structure come under the Usage/Mechanics. Questions pertaining to strategy, organization and style are part of the Rhetorical Skills subscore.

Mathematics: According to the ACT 2019 exam pattern, the mathematics section of ACT test takes 60 minutes to complete 60 questions; a multiple-choice test which assesses a student’s mathematical capability typically acquired in school courses until Grade 12.

Test takers need to use their analytical and reasoning skills to solve practical problems in the mathematics section. Also, candidates need to know and apply the basic formulas and computational skills, basic knowledge of the subject. Candidates are not expected to know complex formulas and perform extensive computation in the ACT examination. A permitted calculator can be used on the mathematics section alone. It is the responsibility of the test takers to ensure whether their calculator is permitted.

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Reading: The reading section of the ACT Test is a 35-minute test comprising of 40 multiple-choice questions that evaluate candidates’ ability to solve reading comprehension questions. During the test, aspirants are required to derive meaning from several academic text passages that they are presented by:

  • referring to what has been explicitly mentioned

  • using their reasoning skills to determine the implicit meaning

Science: The science test, according to the ACT exam pattern 2019 measures the candidate's Reasoning, Interpretation, Analysis, Evaluation, and problem-solving skills, which are considered a pre-requisite for admission in the natural sciences. The entire Science section takes 35-minutes to complete and comprises of 40 questions. Use of a calculator isn’t allowed during the science test.

Writing (Essay): The 40-minute writing test (or essay test) includes one writing prompt for judging a student’s writing skills –especially those skills that were acquired in high school and in entry-level college composition courses.

The test describes an issue and presents three alternatives before the student. Students are then required to evaluate and analyze these alternatives; come up with their own perspective, and finally to compare their perspective with those given. Also, scores aren’t affected by the nature of the perspective you take.

Salient Features related to the ACT 2019 exam pattern 

  • The ACT exam pattern 2019 is designed based on high school curriculum to evaluate the academic capability of an aspirant in English, Mathematics, Reading and Science.

  • ACT Scores 2019 is based on the number of correct answers. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

  • It includes an enhanced scoring pattern for reliable college and career planning insights: STEM Score, ELA Score, Progress Toward Career Readiness Indicator, and Text Complexity Progress Indicator.

The table below explains the length and timing of ACT exam pattern 2019:


Duration (minutes)

Number of Question/Task

Number of answer options




Five-choices, multiple-choice questions




Four-choice, multiple-choice referring and reasoning questions




Four-choices for one question, multiple-choice data representation, research summaries, and conflicting viewpoints questions




Four-choice, multiple-choice usage/mechanics and rhetorical skills questions

Writing (optional essay)



One writing prompt

The ACT conducting body does not specify any ACT eligibility criteria of ACT 2019, but considering it is a college admission test, it is generally taken by high school graduates across the globe. Typically, students aged above 13 appear for the ACT exam since they are the ones looking forward to admissions in the US schools for undergraduate studies. ACT exam is conducted over multiple dates and across many centres but candidates need to choose the preferred ACT 2019 test date and ACT test centre 2019.

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Questions related to ACT

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How does landfilling act as an important method of waste disposal ? explain.

Aditya kumar Student Expert 1st Feb, 2020
Hello Arsh

Hope that you are doing well

Landfilling is an important method in waste disposal.

Landfills are area of land that are engineered to allow for the deposition of waste onto and into it to concentrate the waste in compacted layers and reduce the volume and then it is monitored for the control of liquid and gaseous effluent in order to protect the environment and human health.

Landfills are used for ther uses as well . For example,   municipal solid waste, faecal sludge can also be discharged into landfills , so landfill serves as important method in waste disposal

I hope that it helps you


i got admission in a government College through wbjee counselling , but I had shifted to another College through decentralised counselling in West Bengal which is better than the previous one? Now is these act by me creates problems in future for me.???

IMran Mir 15th Jan, 2020

Hi there ,

Hope you're having a great day.

I would like to inform you that it won't create a problem for you in future. It will obviously help you if that's a better college than the previous one.

If you have any further questions just let me know in the comments section below, Ill help you out as soon as possible.

Thanks a lot and best of luck for your future ahead.


if extracellular digestion takes place then enzymes of lysozomes act on food ???how?is it autophagocytosis??

Somrita Bhattacharya 12th Jan, 2020


The following are the steps of autophagy

  • First the cell is isolated by double layer membrane
  • Then the phogosphere vesicles elongate
  • Then the vesicles bursts to release enzymes by which autophagocytosis takes place
  • Then the remnant gets attached to a lysosome which form autolysosome which completes the degradation.


five force act along the direction AB,AC,AD,BC and DC as shown below when BC=2CD the vector AB,AC and AD are represented by P,Q and R which of the following is true regardind the relationship between P,Q AND R

RUCHI RAJ 7th Feb, 2020


I am sorry but you have not shown the figure. Without knowing the figure it is impossible to solve this question. For any further queries please feel free to write on this platform.


why glucose cannot act as inducer for lac operon

ÑÍthesh 17th Oct, 2019

Hello spoorthi !!Glucose structures are not sufficient to bind with repressor (a protein sensor) so they cannot acts as inducer for lac operon.where as lactose acts as an inducer because it binds with the repressor.hope the above information helps you .Thank you !

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