Top Universities in the World 2019
Shivani Bhatt, 12 Oct 2018

Top Universities in the World 2019 – Students from the world over aspire to study at the top universities. International universities have also made provisions to cater students from around the world. More than 5 million students each year vie to join the

With nearly 5 million students jumping on the study abroad bandwagon, universities across the world are engaged in a serious competition to attract international students to their classrooms. World university rankings, in this case, are a major focal point around which international students are increasingly basing their decisions.

The top universities in the world 2019 are ranked based on various parameters by three major ranking agencies; Times Higher Education (THE), Quacquarelli Symonds(QS) and the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU). The various parameters on which these ranking engines. ARWU ranks the universities on academic or research performance, including alumni and staff winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, highly cited researchers, papers published in Nature and Science, papers indexed in major citation indices, and the per capita academic performance of an institution.

The USA, UK and Germany are the countries with most universities in the top 200. USA tops the top universities in the world 2019 list with 48, 60 and 79 universities in the QS 2019, THE 2019 and ARWU 2018 ranking tables. United Kingdom being the close second with 29 universities in each in QS and THE ranking tables and 21in the ARWU chart. While Germany has the third highest number of universities according to the QS (12) and ARWU(14) rankings, Netherlands beats Germany in the THE ranking where it has 24 universities as opposed to 23 by Germany. China, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Hong Kong maintain their last years number in all the three rankings.

Countries and their number of universities within top 200, 2018 – 2019

Country

QS

THE

ARWU

2019

2018

2017

2019

2018

2017

2018

2017

2016

Top universities in USA

48

47

48

60

62

62

69

70

71

Top universities in Canada

7

7

9

9

6

8

9

8

6

Top universities in UK

29

28

30

29

31

32

21

20

21

Top universities in France

5

5

5

4

6

4

8

9

9

Top universities in Switzerland

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

6

Top universities in Germany

12

11

11

23

20

22

14

15

14

Top universities in Netherlands

9

10

12

24

13

13

9

9

9

Top universities in Denmark

3

3

3

4

3

3

3

3

3

Top universities in Italy

4

4

1

3

2

2

1

2

2

Top universities in Spain

3

3

1

2

2

2

1

-

1

Top universities in Ireland

2

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top universities in Russia

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top universities in Japan

9

9

8

2

2

2

7

7

6

Top universities in South Korea

7

7

7

5

4

4

2

7

3

Top universities in China

7

7

7

7

7

4

12

9

9

Top universities in India

3

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

Top universities in Malaysia

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

Top universities in Singapore

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

Top universities in New Zealand

2

2

2

-

1

1

-

-

1

Top universities in Australia

9

9

9

9

8

8

9

10

8

Top universities in Hong Kong

5

5


5

5


-

-


Top universities in UAE

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

QS Ranking Methodology

The ranking methodology for the top universities in the world 2019 are different for different ranking engines. The most well known ranking methodology, the QS 2019 ranking uses six metrics. The metrics are:

Metric

Weightage

Academic Reputation

40%

Employer Reputation

10%

Faculty/Student Ratio

20%

Citations per faculty

20%

International Faculty Ratio

5%

International Student Ratio

5%

Top Universities in the World 2019 by QS


S.No


University


Country

QS Rank

2019

2018

1

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

United States

1

1

2

Stanford University

United States

2

2

3

Harvard University

United States

3

3

4

California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

United States

4

4

5

University of Oxford

United Kingdom

5

6

6

University of Cambridge

United Kingdom

6

5

7

ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology

Switzerland

7

10

8

Imperial College London

United Kingdom

8

8

9

University of Chicago

United States

9

9

10

UCL (University College London)

United Kingdom

10

7

11

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Singapore

11

15

12

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)

Singapore

12

11

13

Princeton University

United States

13

13

14

Cornell University

United States

14

14

15

Yale University

United States

15

16

16

Columbia University

United States

16

18

17

Tsinghua University

China

17

25

18

The University of Edinburgh

United Kingdom

18

23

19

University of Pennsylvania

United States

19

19

20

University of Michigan

United States

20

21

21

Johns Hopkins University

United States

21

17

22

EPFL - Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne

Switzerland

22

12

23

The University of Tokyo

Japan

23

28

24

The Australian National University

Australia

24

20

25

The University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

25

26

26

Duke University

United States

26

21

27

University of California, Berkeley (UCB)

United States

27

27

28

University of Toronto

Canada

28

31

29

The University of Manchester

United Kingdom

29

34

30

Peking University

China

30

38

31

King's College London

United Kingdom

31

23

32

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

United States

32

33

33

McGill University

Canada

33

32

34

Northwestern University

United States

34

28

35

Kyoto University

Japan

35

36

36

Seoul National University

South Korea

36

36

37

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Hong Kong

37

30

38

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

United Kingdom

38

35

39

The University of Melbourne

Australia

39

41

40

KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology

South Korea

40

41

41

University of California, San Diego (UCSD)

United States

41

38

42

The University of Sydney

Australia

42

50

43

New York University (NYU)

United States

43

52

44

Fudan University

China

44

40

45

The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney)

Australia

45

45

46

Carnegie Mellon University

United States

46

47

47

University of British Columbia

Canada

47

51

48

The University of Queensland

Australia

48

47

49

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)

Hong Kong

49

46

50

Université PSL

France

50

355

Source: Top universities

Times Higher Education Ranking methodology

The Times Higher Education Ranking methodology for the top universities in the world 2019 considers five indicators teaching, research, citations, international outlook and industry income. Universities not teaching undergraduate courses are excluded from the ranking.

Times Higher Education Ranking methodology

Indicator

Weight

Teaching (the learning environment)

30%

Research (volume, income and reputation)

30%

Citations (research influence)

30%

International outlook (staff, students, research)

7.50%

Industry income (knowledge transfer)

2.50%

Top Universities in the World 2019 by Times Higher Education (THE)

S.No

Universities

Country

2019

2018

1

University of Oxford

UK

1

1

2

University of Cambridge

UK

2

2

3

Stanford University

USA

3

3

4

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

USA

4

5

5

California Institute of Technology

USA

5

3

6

Harvard University

USA

6

6

7

Princeton University

USA

7

7

8

Yale University

USA

8

12

9

Imperial College London

UK

9

8

10

University of Chicago

USA

10

9

11

ETH Zurich

Switzerland

11

10

12

Johns Hopkins University

USA

12

13

13

University of Pennsylvania

USA

12

10

14

UCL

UK

14

16

15

University of California, Berkeley

USA

15

18

16

Columbia University

USA

16

14

17

University of California, Los Angeles

USA

17

15

18

Duke University

USA

18

17

19

Cornell University

USA

19

19

20

University of Michigan

USA

20

21

21

University of Toronto

Canada

21

22

22

Tsinghua University

China

22

30

23

National University of Singapore

Singapore

23

22

24

Carnegie Mellon University

USA

24

24

25

Northwestern University

USA

25

20

26

London School of Economics and Political Science

UK

26

25

27

New York University

USA

27

27

28

University of Washington

USA

28

25

29

University of Edinburgh

UK

29

27

30

University of California, San Diego

USA

30

31

31

Peking University

China

31

27

32

LMU Munich

Germany

32

34

33

University of Melbourne

Australia

32

32

34

Georgia Institute of Technology

USA

34

33

35

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Switzerland

35

38

36

University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

36

40

37

University of British Columbia

Canada

37

34

38

King’s College London

UK

38

36

39

University of Texas at Austin

USA

39

49

40

Karolinska Institute

Sweden

40

38

41

Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris

France

41

72

42

The University of Tokyo

Japan

42

46

43

University of Wisconsin-Madison

USA

43

43

44

McGill University

Canada

44

42

45

Technical University of Munich

Germany

44

41

46

Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Hong Kong

46

44

47

Heidelberg University

Germany

47

45

48

KU Leuven

Belgium

48

47

49

Australian National University

Australia

49

48

50

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

USA

50

37


ARWU Ranking Parameters

Top universities in the world 2019 as ranked by the Shanghai Ranking takes similar metric as the above two but the percentage of weight allotted to each is different.

Criteria

Indicator

Code

Weight

Quality of Education

Alumni of an institution winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals

Alumni

10%

Quality of Faculty

Staff of an institution winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals

Award

20%

Highly cited researchers in 21 broad subject categories

HiCi

20%

Research Output

Papers published in Nature and Science*

N&S

20%

Papers indexed in Science Citation Index-expanded and Social Science Citation Index

PUB

20%

Per Capita Performance

Per capita academic performance of an institution

PCP

10%

Total



100%

Source: shanghairanking.com

Top Universities in the World - ARWU Ranking 2018

S.No

University

2018

2017

1

Harvard University

1

1

2

Stanford University

2

2

3

University of Cambridge

3

3

4

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

4

4

5

University of California, Berkeley

5

5

6

Princeton University

6

6

7

University of Oxford

7

7

8

Columbia University

8

8

9

California Institute of Technology

9

9

10

University of Chicago

10

10

11

University of California, Los Angeles

11

12

12

Cornell University

12

14

13

Yale University

12

11

14

University of Washington

14

13

15

University of California, San Diego

15

15

16

University of Pennsylvania

16

17

17

University College London

17

16

18

Johns Hopkins University

18

18

19

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

19

19

20

Washington University in St. Louis

20

20

21

University of California, San Francisco

21

21

22

The University of Tokyo

22

24

23

University of Toronto

23

23

24

Imperial College London

24

27

25

Northwestern University

25

22

26

Duke University

26

26

27

University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

27

24

28

University of Wisconsin - Madison

28

28

29

University of Copenhagen

29

30

30

Rockefeller University

30

36

31

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

30

33

32

New York University

32

29

33

The University of Edinburgh

32

32

34

The University of Manchester

34

38

35

Kyoto University

35

35

36

Sorbonne University

36

--

37

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

37

34

38

The University of Melbourne

38

39

39

University of Colorado at Boulder

38

43

40

The University of Texas at Austin

40

51

41

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

41

37

42

University of Paris-Sud (Paris 11)

42

41

43

University of British Columbia

43

31

44

Karolinska Institute

44

44

45

Tsinghua University

45

48

46

University of California, Santa Barbara

46

45

47

Heidelberg University

47

42

48

Technical University Munich

48

50

49

The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas

48

48

50

Vanderbilt University

50

52


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