Top Universities in the World 2018

Top_Universities-in-the-WorldTop Universities in the World 2018 - With nearly 5 million students jumping on the study abroad bandwagon, universities across the world are engaged in a serious competition to attract international students to their classrooms. World university rankings, in this case, are a major focal point around which international students are increasingly basing their decisions.

 

An interesting point to consider here is that while most of the major rankings platforms, namely Times Higher Education (THE), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) and the Shanghai-based ARWU, are diversifying into new rankings like best international universities or reputation ranking, the QS-backed World University Rankings remains a cut above the rest, being the most important and awaited ranking of the year as it provides a comprehensive analysis of universities based on major grounds like faculty, citations and research avenues.

 

With almost 30 universities in the top 100, the United States has yet again proved its dominance in the QS World University Rankings 2018. USA has been holding its own in the QS and THE Ranking since last year, with 5 universities once again making it to the top 10. While the University of Cambridge has lost its position and slipped one rank to fifth, the University of Oxford and University College of London have maintained their positions at sixth and seventh in the QS rankings. The Imperial College of London has moved up one rank to occupy the ninth position this year.

 

Among the different regions of the world in the QS rankings, Asian countries in 2018 have contributed 23 universities as opposed to 20 in the top 100 in 2017. European presence in the top 100 has gone down from 37 universities in 2017 to 33 in 2018. Universities representing the Oceania region have also improved, with the number rising from 7 in 2017 to 8 in 2018. As many as 34 universities from North America feature in the top 100 in 2018, as opposed to 36 in 2017. Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) represents Latin America in both the 2017 and 2018 rankings, while also managing to improve its position from 85 to 75.

 

Countries and their number of universities within top 200, 2017 – 2018

 

The USA remains to be the country with the most number of universities in the top 200 in the world in all the three ranking. The United Kingdom holds the second place with 28 universities in QS Ranking 2018. Among the European countries, after the UK, Netherlands and Germany occupy the next places with 10 and 11 universities respectively.

 

Japan leads the Asian countries with nine universities in the top 200 followed by South Korea and China each having 7 universities in the top 200.

 

Listed below are countries and the number of universities in the top 200.

Country

QS

THE

ARWU

2018

2017

2018

2017

2017

2016

Top universities in USA

47

48

62

62

70

71

Top universities in Canada

7

9

6

8

8

6

Top universities in UK

28

30

31

32

20

21

Top universities in France

5

5

6

4

9

9

Top universities in Switzerland

7

7

7

7

7

6

Top universities in Germany

11

11

20

22

15

14

Top universities in Netherlands

10

12

13

13

9

9

Top universities in Denmark

3

3

3

3

3

3

Top universities in Italy

4

1

2

2

2

2

Top universities in Spain

3

1

2

2

-

1

Top universities in Ireland

2

2

1

1

1

1

Top universities in Russia

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top universities in Japan

9

8

2

2

7

6

Top universities in South Korea

7

7

4

4

7

3

Top universities in China

7

7

7

4

9

9

Top universities in India

3

2

-

-

-

-

Top universities in Malaysia

1

1

-

-

-

-

Top universities in Singapore

2

2

2

2

2

2

Top universities in New Zealand

2

2

1

1

-

1

Top universities in Australia

9

9

8

8

10

8

Top universities in UAE

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

The list below reflects the Top universities in the World 2018 according to THE, QS and ARWU. Students can make a comparative analysis of the best universities in the world 2018 by comparing the rankings given by these agencies.

 

Top Universities in the World

Sl.no

Universities

 Country

QS Rank

THE Rank

ARWU

2018

2017

2018

2017

2017

2016

1

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

USA

1

1

5

5

4

5

2

Stanford University

USA

2

2

3

3

2

2

3

Harvard University

USA

3

3

6

6

1

1

4

California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

USA

4

5

3

2

9

8

5

University of Cambridge

UK

5

4

2

4

3

4

6

University of Oxford

UK

6

6

1

1

7

7

7

UCL (University College London)

UK

7

7

16

15

16

17

8

Imperial College London

UK

8

9

8

8

27

22

9

University of Chicago

USA

9

10

9

10

10

10

10

ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology

Switzerland

10

8

10

9

--

19

11

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)

Singapore

11

13

52

54

101-150

101-150

12

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)

Switzerland

12

14

38

30

76

92

13

Princeton University

USA

13

11

7

7

6

6

14

Cornell University

USA

14

16

19

19

14

13

15

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Singapore

15

12

22

24

91

83

16

Yale University

USA

16

15

12

12

11

11

17

Johns Hopkins University

USA

17

17

13

17

18

16

18

Columbia University

USA

18

20

14

16

8

9

19

University of Pennsylvania

USA

19

18

10

13

17

18

20

The Australian National University

Australia

20

22

48

47

97

77

21

Duke University

USA

21

24

17

18

26

23

22

University of Michigan

USA

21

23

21

21

24

25

23

King's College London

UK

23

21

36

36

46

50

24

The University of Edinburgh

UK

23

19

27

27

32

41

25

Tsinghua University

China

25

24

30

35

48

58

26

The University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

26

27

40

43

101-149

101-150

27

University of California, Berkeley (UCB)

USA

27

28

18

10

5

3

28

The University of Tokyo

USA

28

34

46

39

24

26

29

Northwestern University

Japan

28

26

20

20

22

20

30

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Hong Kong

30

36

44

50

201-299

201-300

31

University of Toronto

Canada

31

32

22

22

23

23

32

McGill University

Canada

32

30

42

42

67

67

33

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

USA

33

31

15

14

12

12

34

The University of Manchester

UK

34

29

54

55

38

35

35

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

UK

35

37

25

25

151-200

151-200

36

Kyoto University

Japan

36

37

74

91

35

32

37

Seoul National University

South Korea

36

35

74

72

101-150

101-150

38

Peking University

China

38

39

27

29

71

71

39

University of California, San Diego (UCSD)

USA

38

40

31

41

15

14

40

Fudan University

China

40

43

116

155

101-150

101-150

41

KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology

South Korea

41

46

95

89

201-300

201-300

42

The University of Melbourne

Australia

41

42

32

33

39

40

43

Ecole normale supérieure, Paris

France

43

33

--

--

69

87

44

University of Bristol

UK

44

41

76

71

61

57

45

The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney)

Australia

45

49

85

78

101-149

101-150

46

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)

Hong Kong

46

44

50

76

151-200

201-300

47

Carnegie Mellon University

USA

47

58

24

23

80

68

48

The University of Queensland

Australia

47

51

65

60

55

55

49

City University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

49

55

119

119

207-300

201-300

50

The University of Sydney

Australia

50

46

61

60

83

82

Methodology:

While the overall methodology for the World University Rankings 2018 remain more or less the same, the parameters for the three ranking agencies differ.

Below are the methodologies followed by THE, QS and ARWU to arrive at the World University Rankings 2018.

 

Times Higher Education (THE)

THE uses 13 carefully calibrated performance indicators which are grouped into the following five categories:

  • Teaching – This indicator focuses on the learning environment offered by the institution.

  • Research – This includes the volume, income and reputation of research carried out by the university.

  • Citations – Citations reflect the number of times the university's work has been cited by independent bodies beyond the university. It maps the overall research influence of the university.

  • International outlook – International outlook mainly focuses on the ratio of international staff to students, along with work in foreign research.

  • Innovation or Industry income – This indicator basically analyses the knowledge transferred to the sector in which the university has conducted research in.

Quacquarelli Symonds (QS)

QS rankings are based on six performance indicators. These are:

  • Academic reputation – This is based on a survey of academics where they are asked to identify the institutions where the best work is taking place in their domains.

  • Employer reputation – This indicator takes into account an employer’s perception of the university and the kind of graduates it produces.

  • Student-to-faculty ratio – This indicator checks whether the university has a balanced student-faculty ratio or not.

  • Citations per faculty – Same as THE rankings, citations reflect the number of times the university's work has been cited by independent bodies beyond the university.

  • International faculty ratio –  This indicator checks the internationalization of the university through the number of international faculty in the institute.

  • International student ratio – This indicator checks the internationalization of the university through the number of international students in the institute.

Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU)

ARWU considers universities that have Nobel Laureates, Fields Medalists, Highly Cited Researchers or papers published in the 'Nature' or 'Science' journals. The indicators are:

  • Quality of Education – This takes into account any alumni of the institution who have won Nobel Prizes or medals in their respective fields.

  • Quality of Faculty – This indicator reflects the academic quality of the faculty in the university, such as whether they have won awards or have been cited by research works.

  • Research Output – This checks the number of papers published by the university and their quality.

  • Per Capita Performance – The Per capita academic performance of an institution is assessed by dividing the score obtained by all the three indicators given above by the number of full-time equivalent academic staff.

Stay tuned to https://studyabroad.careers360.com/ for more rankings news

 

 

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First Published On : 21 Sep 2017 04:45 PM IST

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