Know all about tests to study abroad
There are various qualifying tests that students need to clear to study in foreign universities. The type and nature of these study abroad tests vary on the basis of the country, university and course. Again, the scores needed to qualify for admissions also vary from university to university. The major tests to study abroad are:
- IELTS- International English Language Testing System
- TOEFL- Test of English as a Foreign Language
- GRE- Graduate Record Examinations
- SAT- Scholastic Assessment Test
- GMAT- Graduate Management Admission Test
- PTE-Pearson Test of English
- Advanced Placement Test (AP Test)
The IELTS test comes in two formats: Academic and General Training. Academic format is for the candidates who want to pursue further or higher education in an English speaking country. General Training is for those who go to an English speaking country for work experience, secondary education or training programmes. Both tests have four modules:
- Listening- 40 questions (30+10 minutes)
- Reading- 40 questions (60 minutes)
- Writing- Two tasks (60 minutes)
- Speaking- 11 to 14 minutes
The total score is converted to a band score from 0 to 9.
Test fee: $200 USD
However, the fee may vary from country to country
There are two types of TOEFL test: TOEFL PBT (paper-based test) and TOEFL iBT (Internet-based test). The TOEFL test measures four English language skills of the candidates namely, reading writing, listening and speaking.
- Reading test- 36 to 56 questions (60 to 80 minutes)
- Listening test- 34 to 51 questions (60 to 90 minutes)
- Writing test- Two tasks (50 minutes)
- Speaking test: Six tasks (20 minutes)
The total score of the test will be out of 120.
Test fee: US$165
Late registration fee: an addition of US$35
There are two formats for GRE test- GRE Revised General Test and GRE Subject Test. The test format for GRE Revised General Test is:
- Analytical writing- Two sections (30 minutes for each section)
- Verbal reasoning- Two sections with 20 questions each (30 minutes for each section)
- Quantitative reasoning- Two sections with 20 questions each (35 minutes for each section)
The GRE subject test analyzes the skills of candidates in a specific subject area. The test is being taken by candidates as per the requirements of various educational institutions. The subject tests in GRE are:
- Literature in English
Test fee: $185
Late Registration Fee (paper based test online registration): $25
Standby testing (paper based test only): $50
Rescheduling fee: $50
Changing the test centre: $50
The SAT has three sections:
Reading- Two sections and 70 questions (20 minutes for first section and 25 minutes for second section). First section has 48 passage-based reading questions and second section has 19 sentence completion questions.
Maths- Two sections and 70 questions (20 minutes for first section and 25 minutes for second section). First section has 44 multiple choice questions and the second section has 10 student-produced responses.
Writing- Three sections and 60 questions (one 10 minute section and two 25- minute sections).
Each section is scored on a 200-800 point scale. The total score will be out of 2400. The raw score is then converted to a scaled score.
Test fee: $51 + Non-U.S. Regional Fee
The GMAT test consists of four sections:
- Analytical Writing Assessment- one topic (30 minutes)
- Integrated Reasoning- 12 questions (30 minutes)
- Quantitative- 37 questions (75 minutes)
- Verbal- 41 questions (75 minutes)
The GMAT score will be assessed on a 200-800 score scale.
Test fee: US$250
There are two types of PTE- Pearson Test of English Academic and PTE General.
The PTE Academic test is for three hours. The first section is an introduction where the candidate introduces himself/herself. This is not marked and the session has no time limit. The second section is speaking and writing that lasts for 77 to 93 minutes. The third section is reading, which is for 32 to 41 minutes. The last section is listening that is for 45 to 57 minutes.
The PTE general has two part- written test and spoken test.
Test fee: GBPÂ£155.00
Advanced Placement Test
The AP test assesses the knowledge of the student in a particular subject area. The test is taken by students who are set to apply for various universities and institutes in the countries such as the United States and Canada.
The test is conducted over two weeks in May every year. The results are announced in July. The AP test is given in the following subjects:
- Art History
- Music Theory
- Studio Art: 2-D Design
- Studio Art: 3-D Design
- Studio Art: Drawing
Maths and Computer Science:
- Calculus AB
- Calculus BC
- Computer Science A
- English Language and Composition
- English Literature and Composition
- Environmental Science
- Physics B
- Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism
- Physics C: Mechanics
History and Social Science:
- Comparative Government and Politics
- European History
- Human Geography
- United States Government and Politics
- United States History
- World History
World Languages and Cultures:
- Chinese Language and Culture
- French Language and Culture
- German Language and Culture
- Italian Language and Culture
- Japanese Language and Culture
- Spanish Language and Culture
- Spanish Literature and Culture
The AP score is on a five point scale:
5: Extremely well qualified to get a college credit
4: Well qualified to get a college credit
3: Qualified enough to get a college credit
2: Possibly qualified to get a college credit
1: No recommendation to get a college credit
Test fee: $89
ACT- American College Testing:
The ACT tests the academic readiness of a candidate for the college. The ACT (no writing) has four multiple-choice tests. They are Mathematics, English, Science and Reading. The ACT Plus Writing includes one writing test and four multiple-choice tests.
Test fee for ACT (no writing): $36.50
ACT (plus writing): $52.50
LSAT- Law School Admission Test:
The LSAT is important to get admissions in various law schools in the United States, Canada and many other countries. It is a standardized test administered four times in a year. The test has three types of questions:
- Reading comprehension
- Analytical reasoning
- Logical reasoning
The score of LSAT is based on the correct answers in the test. The raw score is then converted to a scale ranging from 120 to 180.
Test fee: $ 180