TOEFL Test Pattern 2018
Ranjini Basu, 14 Mar 2018, #TOEFL

TOEFL Test Pattern 2018: The TOEFL® conducting body, ETS® (Educational Testing Service) administers the TOEFL examination to measure the ability of a non-native English speaker to read, write and speak English. Typically, there are four sections in the TOEFL 2018 test pattern, namely, Listening, Reading, Speaking and Writing which take a total of about four and a half hours to complete. In accordance with the TOEFL test pattern 2018, candidates appearing for TOEFL are required to solve integrated tasks that combine more than one skill; Reading, Listening and then Speaking in response to the given question, Listening and then speaking in response to the asked question, and Reading, Listening and then Writing in response to the given question. The TOEFL test pattern is similar worldwide and all the mock tests are prepared, keeping in mind the test pattern of TOEFL 2018.


Since preceding years, the marking/scoring pattern of the TOEFL test pattern 2018 remains unaltered. Following are the four sections and their score distribution:-

  • Reading Section (Score of 0–30)

  • Listening Section (Score of 0–30)

  • Speaking Section (Score of 0–30)

  • Writing Section (Score of 0–30)

  • Total TOEFL result (0–120)

Test takers will receive individual TOEFL 2018 scores for each section along with the overall TOEFL result. Candidates from some regions like Mainland China, India, Japan, Korea or Taiwan are eligible to apply for the TOEFL scholarships depending on their obtained score. The sectional break-up of the four modules in TOEFL Test pattern2018 with allotted marks are provided underneath:

TOEFL 2018 Test Pattern


Time Limit




60–80 minutes

36–56 questions

Reading 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answering questions.


60–90 minutes

34–51 questions

Listening to academic lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, and answering questions.



20 minutes

Six tasks

Expressing an opinion on a familiar topic; speaking based on reading and listening tasks.


50 minutes

Two tasks

Writing essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; supporting an opinion in writing.

According to the TOEFL Test Pattern 2018, candidates get a mandatory break for 10 minutes after the Reading and Listening sections. Since March 2013, the test pattern of TOEFL 2018 underwent certain modification; the Listening and Speaking sections of the TOEFL iBT test (Internet-based test) included a different native-speaker English accents in addition to accents from North America. As per the test pattern of TOEFL 2018, candidates might get to hear accents from the United Kingdom, New Zealand or Australia. TOEFL test is devoid of any specified syllabus, so candidates are not required to refer to any particular subject or skill set provided in the TOEFL test pattern 2018. The candidate should focus more on developing the mentioned modules.


Who accepts the TOEFL Scores?

TOEFL is recognized by more than 10,000 participating institutes of TOEFL across 130 countries, including Australia, Canada, the UK and the United States. It is conducted more than 50 times a year at 4,500 test centres across 165 countries worldwide. One can register for TOEFL exam at his/her convenient TOEFL test date 2018. TOEFL  has two formats TOEFL- TOEFL iBT (Internet-based test) and TOEFL PBT (paper-based test) and is typically held on Saturdays and Sundays. All the aspiring candidates must be thorough with the test pattern of TOEFL 2018 to obtain scores on the higher side.

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