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How to Calculate TOEFL Score? Understand TOEFL iBT Score

How to Calculate TOEFL Score? Understand TOEFL iBT Score

Edited By Saba Ahmad | Updated on May 12, 2023 02:46 PM IST | #TOEFL

How to calculate TOEFL scores: The TOEFL score is accepted in over 150 countries and 11,000 universities and mostly what the students go for is the TOEFL iBT test, which is administered through the online mode. The TOEFL score has four sections and each section carries 30 points which makes it a total of 120 points for the TOEFL exam .It takes approximately 6 days for the final TOEFL score to come in after the TOEFL exam date. The universities also receive the final TOEFL score within the same timeline or in a maximum of 11 days. The validity of your TOEFL score is two years from the test date. In this article we explain the different concepts related to the TOEFL scoring process and also how the test is scored.

TOEFL Test Pattern

TOEFL is of two types: TOEFL iBT and PBT. TOEFL iBT is delivered via internet. The test measures your ability to use and understand English at the university level. It checks how well you combine your listening, reading, speaking and writing skills to perform academic tasks. TOEFL PBT is administered in a paper format and is currently offered only in locations where the test cannot be taken via internet.

There are four sections (listening, reading, speaking, and writing) in the TOEFL iBT, which consumes total of about four and a half hours to complete, including check in.

How to understand your TOEFL scores: TOEFL iBT Pattern


Time Limit




60–80 minutes

36–56 questions

Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.


60–90 minutes

34–51 questions

Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, answer questions.


10 Minutes



20 minutes

6 tasks

Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.


50 minutes

2 tasks

Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.

The TOEFL PBT test takes about three and one-half hours to complete. There is also a 30-minute writing test, called the Test of Written English (TWE) test, required of everyone who takes the paper-delivered test. The total time to take both tests is about four hours.

How to calculate TOEFL scores: TOEFL PBT Pattern



Time Limit

No. of

Listening Comprehension

Measures the ability to understand spoken English

30-40 minutes


Structure and Written Expression

Measures the ability to recognize language appropriate for standard written English

25 minutes


Reading Comprehension

Measures the ability to understand non-technical reading material

55 minutes


TWE® Test

Measures the ability to write in English

30 minutes

1 topic

What does the TOEFL test include?


Reading: The reading section comprises 36–56 questions, where you have to read some passages from academic textbooks and answer accordingly. The section TOEFL score ranges from 0 to 30 similar to the listening section.

No. Of questions




60–80 minutes

0–30 (1 Point for each correct response)

Listening: This section comprises 34–51 questions where you are required to listen to lectures, different kinds of conversations including classroom discussions. After which, you have to answer questions surrounding the discussions. The listening section measures test takers abilities to understand English in everyday settings.

No. Of questions




60–90 minutes

0–30 (1 Point for each correct response or 2 points for questions worth 2 points)

Speaking: It comprises six tasks which is rated from TOEFL scores 0 to 4. This is later converted to a TOEFL score of 0 to 30. In the speaking section, you may hear two tasks that may have speech with accents. The two tasks are 15 seconds long each, thus you will have 45 seconds to respond. The listening and speaking section includes native English speaker with accents from North America. Thus, you are likely to hear speech in different accents from Australia, New Zealand and UK.

No. Of questions



6 tasks

20 minutes

0–30 (1 Point for each correct response)

Here is an example of the two speech:

Audio File


Item 1 (MP3)

If friends from another country were going to spend time in your country, what city or place would you suggest they visit? Using details and examples, explain why.

Item 2 (MP3)

Some people enjoy taking risks and trying new things. Others are not adventurous; they are cautious and prefer to avoid danger. Which behavior do you think is better? Explain why.

Writing: The writing section has two tasks, where you have to write essay responses based on the reading and listening tasks. You have to support your opinion in the writing section. In this section, TOEFL scores are rated from 0 to 5 are converted to a scale of 0 to 30.

How to understand and calculate TOEFL scores

The scoring pattern of TOEFL is different from other English proficiency tests like PTE and IELTS. While all three English language proficiency test your understanding of the foreign language, each test has different test pattern and duration. TOEFL score is measured on a 0–120 scale, i.e. 0–30 TOEFL scores for each section.

TOEFL Score Level


Score Range




High (22–30)
Intermediate (15–21)
Low (0–14)



High (22–30)
Intermediate (15–21)
Low (0–14)


0–30 score scale

Good (26–30)
Fair (18–25)
Limited (10–17)
Weak (0–9)


0–30 score scale

Good (24–30)
Fair (17–23)
Limited (1–16)

Total Score


How to calculate TOEFL scores?

Although the score range for each of the four test sections (Listening, Reading, Speaking, and Writing) is from 0 to 30, each section has separate measure and each measure has its own scale.

Here, we bring you the way to calculate TOEFL scores for each sections of the exam.

How to calculate TOEFL scores: TOEFL Reading Score Calculator

The reading section has multiple choice items, thus your TOEFL scores are based on your performance. The Reading section has 36–56 tasks based on reading passages from academic texts and answering questions. You will receive one point for each correct response except for the last question of each set, which is worth two points. The total TOEFL scores for the reading section are then converted to a score on a scale of 0–30.

How to calculate TOEFL scores: TOEFL Listening Score Calculator

The Listening section has 34–51 tasks based on listening to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answering questions. Candidates are allotted one point for each correct answer. Some questions are even worth 2 points. The total points that you receive are converted to 0–30 a scale.

How to calculate TOEFL scores: TOEFL Speaking Score Calculator

Speaking skills are scored with a SpeechRater program - an automated scoring system for TOEFL speaking test. The SpeechRater program uses all six tasks responses to determine your overall speaking abilities, which is then converted to TOEFL scores on a scale of 0–30.

How to calculate TOEFL scores: Writing

While the two writing tasks are scored by e-rater automatic scoring technology. The score range for the writing skill is from 1 (low) to 5 (high), your writing task rating is summed and converted to a score on a scale of 0–30. Candidates might even get 0 for wrong answers.

Extra questions:

The test you take may include extra questions in the Reading or Listening section that do not count toward your TOEFL score. These are either questions that allow ETS to make test scores comparable across administrations or new questions that help ETS determine how such questions function under actual testing conditions. It is recommended to read the timing instructions for the Reading Section carefully. The instructions will indicate how many passages you will receive and the amount of time you have to respond to questions for those passages. Make sure to pace yourself so that you have time to answer all the questions without leaving any answered.

TOEFL scores are recognised by over 11000 colleges, universities and organisations, being one of the most popular tests conducted to evaluate a candidate’s English language proficiency. It is taken across 150 test centres in the world, TOEFL is a highly competitive test of your English proficiency since it facilitates admission at some of the most well– known universities in the world.


Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. How is the TOEFL score calculated?

The TOEFL score is calculated by adding the scores of each of the four sections. Each section namely reading, writing, listening and speaking carries equal points, i.e. 30.  

2. What is a good TOEFL score out of 120?

90 is an average TOEFL score. Anything above 100 is a good TOEFL score.  

3. What is the passing score for TOEFL?

There is no failing or passing score in TOEFL as set by ETS.


Certifications By Top Providers

Explore Top Universities Across Globe

University of Essex, Colchester
 Wivenhoe Park Colchester CO4 3SQ
University College London, London
 Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT
The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh
 Old College, South Bridge, Edinburgh, Post Code EH8 9YL
University of Bristol, Bristol
 Beacon House, Queens Road, Bristol, BS8 1QU
University of Nottingham, Nottingham
 University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD
Lancaster University, Lancaster
 Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YW

Questions related to TOEFL

Have a question related to TOEFL ?

TOEFL, IELTS, GRE, and GMAT are all standardized tests used for college admission, detailed information regarding these exams is mentioned below:

TOEFL: The Test of English as a Foreign Language is a standardized test that is used to know the English language proficiency of non-English speakers. TOEFL exam is taken by students wishing to enroll in English-speaking universities abroad. TOEFL scores are accepted by more than 11,000 universities in more than 190 countries.

IELTS: The International English Language Testing System is an English proficiency test, it checks your ability to understand and communicate in English. Many universities around the world require international students to have a valid IELTS score for admission to universities to study abroad.

GRE (Graduate Record Examination): This is a general exam required for many Master's programmes especially in humanities, social sciences, and sciences. GRE scores are also applicable for admission to some PhD programmes. GRE test checks your verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, and critical thinking skills.

GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test): This is specifically required for admission to MBA courses. GMAT test assess analytical writing, quantitative reasoning, integrated reasoning, and verbal reasoning skills, but with a focus on business applications.

Key differences: TOEFL, IELTS, GRE & GMAT





Assess English proficiency

Assess readiness for graduate studies

Required for

Many universities for international students

Master's & PhD programmes (GRE), MBA programs (GMAT)

Specific skills tested

Reading, listening, speaking, writing

Verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, critical thinking (GRE), similarly GMAT accesses a candidate's abilities but with a business focus.

Hello aspirant,

Every exam has a different amount of difficulty depending on how each student personally prepares. IELTS, on the other hand, is thought to be simpler than the TOEFL. in particular, the reading portion. While the TOEFL has a multiple-choice style, the IELTS is shorter and has a band scoring system.

For more information you can visit our website by clicking on the link given below.

Thank you

Hope this information helps you.

  • TOEFL: Completely computer-based test. You will listen to recordings, read passages, write your responses, and speak into a microphone, all on the computer.
  • IELTS: Offers two formats - paper-based and computer-based. The Reading and Writing sections are always on paper, while Listening and Speaking can be paper-based or computer-based depending on the chosen format. The Speaking test, however, is always conducted face-to-face with an examiner in IELTS.

Test Sections:

  • Both Tests: Both IELTS and TOEFL assess your English language proficiency in four key areas: Reading, Listening, Writing, and Speaking.
  • Structure: The specific structure and content within these sections can differ slightly between the two tests.


  • TOEFL: Scored out of a total of 120 points. Each section (Reading, Listening, Speaking, Writing) is graded on a scale of 0 to 30.
  • IELTS: Uses a band system from 1 (lowest) to 9 (highest). You receive an overall band score and individual band scores for each section.


  • TOEFL: Generally considered more focused on American English.

No, neither IELTS nor TOEFL is required for eligibility to study MBA at Seoul National University (SNU) if you are an English speaker from a native English speaking country.SNU requires proof of English proficiency for international students whose first language is not English.
They accept scores from TOEFL iBT (80 or above), TEPS (551 or above), or a minimum Level 4 on the SNU Korean Language Center (KLEC) proficiency test.

SNU's MBA program does not require the GMAT or GRE for admission.
They have their own entrance exam for MBA applicants. This exam typically assesses quantitative and analytical skills, writing abilities, and English proficiency (for non-native English speakers).

In some cases, SNU might consider Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) or Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) scores in place of their own entrance exam, but this is not mandatory.

I hope it helps!

Hello aspirant,

Hope you are doing well,

Exams like IELTS and TOEFL has their timetables preplanned which will be available on their website. You can visit their website and choose a date is appropriate for you. You can choose the date and centre, while applying for the exam.

Results for TOEFL takes usually 8-10 calendar days. Your score will be available online by this period. IELTS results take usually 5-7 calendar days to be displayed online. For hard copy of your score you need to wait few more days since they deliver it to you on your passport address or address you mentioned in your exam application.

To start your MS in countries outside of india you need to start the application procedure 6 months - 1 year prior to the intake you planning to go. Before starting the application you need to attempt one these exams (IELTS/TOEFL). Once you get your results and all the documents needed for application it'll take 6-8 months to start your program.

Hope you find this helpful

Drop your question for more information

All the best!!

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