How to Calculate TOEFL Scores – Want to study abroad? The first thing you are asked is to present are your TOEFL scores. Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is considered one of most ideal tests to check your English language proficiency if your native language is not English. Taken across 130 test centres in the world, TOEFL is a highly competitive test of your English proficiency since it facilitates admission at some of the most well-known universities in the world.In this article we explain the different concepts related to the TOEFL scoring process and also how the test is scored.
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TOEFL Test Pattern
TOEFL is of two types: TOEFL iBT and PBT. TOEFL iBT is delivered via internet. The test measures your ability to use and understand English at the university level. It checks how well you combine your listening, reading, speaking and writing skills to perform academic tasks. TOEFL PBT is administered in a paper format and is currently offered only in locations where the test cannot be taken via internet.
There are four sections (listening, reading, speaking, and writing) in the TOEFL iBT, which consumes total of about four and a half hours to complete, including check in.
How to understand your TOEFL scores: TOEFL iBT Pattern
Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.
Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, answer questions.
Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.
The TOEFL PBT test takes about three and one-half hours to complete. There is also a 30-minute writing test, called the Test of Written English (TWE) test, required of everyone who takes the paper-delivered test. The total time to take both tests is about four hours.
How to understand your TOEFL scores: TOEFL PBT Pattern
Measures the ability to understand spoken English
Structure and Written Expression
Measures the ability to recognize language appropriate for standard written English
Measures the ability to understand non-technical reading material
Measures the ability to write in English
What does the TOEFL test include?
Reading: The reading section comprises 36–56 questions, where you have to read some passages from academic textbooks and answer accordingly. The section TOEFL score ranges from 0 to 30 similar to the listening section.
No. Of questions
0–30 (1 Point for each correct response)
Listening: This section comprises 34–51 questions where you are required to listen to lectures, different kinds of conversations including classroom discussions. After which, you have to answer questions surrounding the discussions. The listening section measures test takers abilities to understand English in everyday settings.
0–30 (1 Point for each correct response or 2 points for questions worth 2 points)
Speaking: It comprises six tasks which is rated from TOEFL scores 0 to 4. This is later converted to a TOEFL score of 0 to 30. In the speaking section, you may hear two tasks that may have speech with accents. The two tasks are 15 seconds long each, thus you will have 45 seconds to respond. The listening and speaking section includes native English speaker with accents from North America. Thus, you are likely to hear speech in different accents from Australia, New Zealand and UK.
Here is an example of the two speech:
Item 1 (MP3)
If friends from another country were going to spend time in your country, what city or place would you suggest they visit? Using details and examples, explain why.
Item 2 (MP3)
Some people enjoy taking risks and trying new things. Others are not adventurous; they are cautious and prefer to avoid danger. Which behavior do you think is better? Explain why.
Writing: The writing section has two tasks, where you have to write essay responses based on the reading and listening tasks. You have to support your opinion in the writing section. In this section, TOEFL scores are rated from 0 to 5 are converted to a scale of 0 to 30.
How to understand and calculate TOEFL scores
The scoring pattern of TOEFL is different from other English proficiency tests like PTE and IELTS. While all three English language proficiency test your understanding of the foreign language, each test has different test pattern and duration. TOEFL score is measured on a 0–120 scale, i.e. 0–30 TOEFL scores for each section.
TOEFL Score Scale
High (22–30)Intermediate (15–21)Low (0–14)
0–30 score scale
Good (26–30)Fair (18–25)Limited (10–17)Weak (0–9)
Good (24–30)Fair (17–23)Limited (1–16)
How to calculate TOEFL scores?
Although the score range for each of the four test sections (Listening, Reading, Speaking, and Writing) is from 0 to 30, each section has separate measure and each measure has its own scale.
Here, we bring you the way to calculate TOEFL scores for each sections of the exam.
How to calculate TOEFL scores: Reading
The reading section has multiple choice items, thus your TOEFL scores are based on your performance. The Reading section has 36–56 tasks based on reading passages from academic texts and answering questions. You will receive one point for each correct response except for the last question of each set, which is worth two points. The total TOEFL scores for the reading section are then converted to a score on a scale of 0–30.
How to calculate TOEFL scores: Listening
The Listening section has 34–51 tasks based on listening to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answering questions. Candidates are allotted one point for each correct answer. Some questions are even worth 2 points. The total points that you receive are converted to 0–30 a scale.
How to calculate TOEFL scores: Speaking
Speaking skills are scored with a SpeechRater program - an automated scoring system for TOEFL speaking test. The SpeechRater program uses all six tasks responses to determine your overall speaking abilities, which is then converted to TOEFL scores on a scale of 0–30.
How to calculate TOEFL scores: Writing
While the two writing tasks are scored by e-rater automatic scoring technology. The score range for the writing skill is from 1 (low) to 5 (high), your writing task rating is summed and converted to a score on a scale of 0–30. Candidates might even get 0 for wrong answers.
The test you take may include extra questions in the Reading or Listening section that do not count toward your TOEFL score. These are either questions that allow ETS to make test scores comparable across administrations or new questions that help ETS determine how such questions function under actual testing conditions. It is recommended to read the timing instructions for the Reading Section carefully. The instructions will indicate how many passages you will receive and the amount of time you have to respond to questions for those passages. Make sure to pace yourself so that you have time to answer all the questions without leaving any answered.
TOEFL scores are recognised by over 9000 colleges, universities and organisations, being one of the most popular tests conducted to evaluate a candidate’s English language proficiency. It is taken across 130 test centres in the world, TOEFL is a highly competitive test of your English proficiency since it facilitates admission at some of the most well– known universities in the world.
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The purpose of the TOEFL iBT test is to evaluate the English proficiency of people whose native language is not English. TOEFL iBT scores are primarily used as a measure of the ability of international students to use English in an academic environment.
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