Work opportunities after study in UK: With more than four lakh international students, the UK is the second most popular destination for higher studies after the USA. The flexible education system which is also in sync with today's job requirements helps attract students to the country. Many students again come to the UK in the belief that work opportunities after study in UK are decent enough and will allow them to make it big in the UK labor market.
The benefits of studying in UK are manifold:
Universities in the UK are globally recognized with ten of them making it to the top 50 in QS World University Ranking 2015/16
5% of the world’s scientific research and 14% of the most frequently cited papers originate in the UK
Teaching methodology is crafted to give creative freedom and room for personal skill development
Has some of the best faculty and industry experts guiding students
When it comes to work opportunities in UK after studies, there have been some changes since 2012, when the Tier 1 visa was scrapped. The Tier 1 visa allowed non-EEA (European Economic Area) graduates unlimited access to the UK labor market and enabled them to seek employment without sponsorship for up to two years, which is now reduced to four months. Tier 1 visa, as part of the work after study in UK program, was meant for students who completed their bachelor’s or master’s degrees from recognized institutions in the UK, a UK Post Graduate Certificate in Education (PGDE) or Professional Graduate Diploma of Education (PGDE) or a Higher National Diploma from a Scottish institution. But now there are different visa rules under which a student can take up work after study in UK, which in turn is influencing how students view studying in UK. Students are understandably anxious about after study in UK?
Here we try to answer some of these questions.
Work opportunities after study in UK post Tier 1
Since April 06, 2012, Tier 2 (General) has replaced Tier 1 as the primary route through which non-EEA graduates can seek employment in the UK. Additionally, visa categories were created or changes made to existing ones to accommodate a limited number of non-EEA graduates in the UK so that they can stay back and exploit work opportunities in UK after studies. These include Tier 4 Doctorate Extension Scheme, Tier 1 Graduate Entrepreneur, Tier 5 Youth Mobility, UK Ancestry, and Tier 5 GAE, in addition to Tier 1.
But not all of these visas are meant for a student of any single country, as while the UK Ancestry is reserved for members of the Commonwealth countries or whose grandparent is born in the UK, the Tier 5 Youth Mobility is for individuals of nationalities that include Australia, Canada, Japan, Monaco, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan and New Zealand.
Visa types to apply for post-study work in UK:
Switching from Tier 4 inside the UK
What do I need to qualify?
Are dependents allowed?
Tier 4 Doctorate
For students who have nearly completed their PhD and want to remain in the UK for a further 12 months to work, look for work or set up a business
Need sponsorship from the university
12 months from course completion date
Yes (but students can apply only from inside the UK)
A CAS from the university.
Tier 2 (General)
The primary route for working in UK. This visa is granted for a specific job and employer
Yes, from the Tier 2 licensed employer
Job offer from Tier 2 sponsor
Tier 1 Graduate
A scheme for graduates who have genuine and pragmatic business ideas
No (instead need endorsement from the university or UK Trade Center and Investment)
12 months with the scope of renewal for an additional 12 months
Investment of Â£200,000 or Â£50,000
Tier 5 Temporary Worker
Short time visa for work experience or to do training
Up to 2 years
Tier 5 sponsor
Pathway to full-time employment in UK: Tier 2 (General)
If you want full-time employment, Tier 2 General visa is the route. Using this visa, you can stay in the UK for up to five years. But bear in mind while applying for this visa to secure a job, as the visa is granted only to individuals who already have a job offer. Once you have completed the permitted five years under this visa, you have the option of applying for permanent citizenship of the UK or else decide to extend the visa by another year. When it comes to working outside your job/venture, you are permitted to do so under some conditions. For students looking for work after study in UK, Tier 2 visa is easily the best bet.
Considering the benefits and flexibility of Tier 2 (General) visa, it is not surprising that many want to switch from Tier 4 to Tier 2 (General). The important conditions for the switch include:
- A bachelor’s degree from the UK
- A master’s degree from the UK
- A post graduate certification in education
- A professional graduate diploma of education
Students need to understand that it is not just Tier 4 that allows you to switch to Tier 2 (General), but there are a few others as well.
Eligibility criteria for Tier 2(General): The normal salary cap for applying for the Tier 2 (General) visa is Â£20,800 (pre-tax). In addition, students need to give proof of English language proficiency, which can be met with a degree-level qualification from any recognized UK university. In fact, international students are required to produce IELTS/TOEFL scores at the time of admission as proof of their English proficiency at all the popular universities in the UK. Thus a degree from such a university is tantamount to your English language proficiency.Tier 1 Graduate Entrepreneur: Another route to exploit work opportunities after study in UK
If you are fresh graduate or post-graduate researcher, and have genuine and pragmatic business ideas, the Tier 1 Graduate Entrepreneur visa will allow you to stay in the UK for one year enabling you to take advantage of the work opportunities in the UK. However, this visa cannot be used for the purpose of development or property management. If you are applying for the visa from inside the UK, you need to submit proof of Â£945 in savings in your bank account for 90 days before you apply. In case you are applying from outside the UK, the minimum amount in your account should be Â£1,890. Like Tier 2, proof of English language proficiency is also needed.
The new immigration policies that came into force in 2012 also require international students from non-EEA countries to pay to use the NHS, which is a sort of health insurance for students. The current fee is Â£150 per student, per year of the visa. There is an additional Â£75, which should be paid for part years of less than six months. You have to take into account all these factors when you decide to go to the UK for higher studies, along with work opportunities after study in UK.
Stay tuned to www.studyabroad.careers360.com for more stories on UK
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Here it is
University of Oxford.
2.university of St Andrews.
University of Bath.
niversity of York.
all. The best
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