Know All About Studying in Germany
Updated on Jul 1, 2013 - 2:54 p.m. IST by Team Careers360 #Germany
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Germany has been the most important higher education destination in Europe showing an increase of 114% in the number of Indian students in Germany since 2008, according to the latest figures released by the regional office of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). 

 

The number of students enrolled has increased from 3,516 in the 2008-09 academic yer to 7,532 in 2012-13. There are either no tuition fees or a negligible amount at German universities. The expense for foreign students is the same as for the German students themselves. German academic Exchange Service (DAAD) offers a number of scholarships for students with excellent academic track records. In the year 2011, DAAD granted 1,281 scholarships to Indians to pursue their academic endeavours in Germany, an increase of 51.6% in financial support from DAAD since 2008.

Studying in Germany means being a part of an international, highly-qualified academic community. Academic institutions and business enterprises pool their innovative forces and this integration of industry and academia makes Germany a leading country in various fields.

Germany tops the list of the most internationalised countries in the higher education arena. Germany bags the first position beating Australia, the United Kingdom and China, as reported by a recent British Council survey.


Education system in Germany

German higher education system comprises mainly two types of institutions.

Universities (including Universities of Technology or TU) are research-oriented and offer a wide variety of subjects. These universities can award doctorate degrees.

Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen, abbr. FH), on the other hand, are practice-oriented and offer courses mainly in engineering, business administration, social sciences and design. These have very strong links to the industry and offer reasonable possibilities like joint supervision of the professor and a company for a master’s thesis.

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FH do not award doctorate degrees, however, as a master’s degree holder from a Fachhochschule, one is eligible to apply for a doctoral position at a university.

Under Graduate admissions in Germany

Fulfilment of one of the following criteria:

  • Successful completion of the first year of a bachelor’’s programme from a recognised university in India in the relevant subject field.
  • Successfully clearing the IIT Joint Entrance Examination for admission to courses in technology and natural sciences.
  • Passing the qualification assessment examination in Germany, called Feststellungspruefung

The Feststellungspruefung is an examination conducted by universities that assesses your proficiency in subjects that are crucial to your chosen degree programme and also in German language. A foundation course (Studienkolleg) in Germany can help you prepare for this examination. This is a full-time course with about 32 hours of instruction per week and usually takes up to two semesters to complete. The two components of the course are German language and subjects relevant to the study programme you want to register for later.

The minimum eligibility criteria for enrolment in a Studienkolleg are a valid school leaving certificate (12th) with relevant subject combination and proficiency in German language (approx. B1 level based on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages). The subject knowledge and, if applicable, German language proficiency will be tested in an entrance exam (Aufnahmepruefung) by the course coordinators before you enrol yourself in foundation course.

On successfully taking the Feststellungspruefung, which has a written and an oral component, you are eligible to apply for a bachelor’s degree course. But you should remember that success in this examination does not automatically lead to an admission to a University or Fachhochschulen.

The_Brandenburg_GatePost Graduate admissions in Germany

In Germany, every university is autonomous. This means that every university/study programme has its own set of criteria for admitting students. So please check the university website, and specifically the course you are interested in to find out the exact admission requirements. 

Some universities accept GMAT/GRE scores for certain programmes.

Admission Application Procedure in Germany

The website of the course/university you have chosen will carry details about application procedure to be followed. Accordingly, send your application either to the university or to UNI-ASSIST.

UNI-ASSIST is a body that accepts your application, screens it and forwards it to its member universities of your choice against payment. The fee for applying to one university through UNI-ASSIST is 55 Euro and then 15 Euro for every additional university.

Member universities of UNI-ASSIST often do not entertain direct applications. So please check well before you send in your papers. For detailed information and list of member universities, you can visit the website http://www.uni-assist.de

If you have chosen a university that is not a member of UNI-ASSIST, send your application directly. In any case, the webpage of the course you have selected will always give information about the application procedure.

Application forms and other relevant material can be downloaded from the Internet.

Life, culture & Taboos

Not only hi-tech and multinational diversity but great cuisine and fine wines, relaxing in the lap of Mother Nature, festivals and celebrations, vacation, design and fashion, inspiring architecture… Germany has plenty to offer – and is far removed from all the clichés! Apart from punctuality, Germans also love finesse in whatever they do. After working hard throughout the week, the weekends are time for enjoyment with friends and family. 

Useful tips: http://www.study-in.de/en/life/useful-tips-for-daily-life/dos-donts/--12000


Cost of living in Germany

Germany is an expensive country but most university towns will have second hand shops selling items like furniture, equipment and computers and other utility items.

In Germany, education is subsidised by the state and therefore most of the institutions of higher education charge no or very little tuition fee – to the tune of 500 Euro per semester. Thus, in Germany virtually every student gets a scholarship! However, you need to pay semester contribution ranging from Euro 50 to 250, depending upon the university and the services or benefits provided.

For certain special courses you may need to pay higher fees.

Apart from the tuition fees, if any, you will require about Euro 740 (approx. INR 45,000) per month for subsistence i.e. housing, food, clothing, study material and other expenses such as health insurance and leisure activities. This amount can vary from city to city.

Working while studying in Germany

The part-time work limit for foreign students has been increased to 120 days instead of, as previously, 90 days per year.

Stay and work after studies

After graduating, the foreign students will be allowed to stay in Germany for 18 instead of 12 months to seek qualified employment during which they can work an unlimited number of hours or days. They are no longer obliged to seek the approval of the German Federal Employment Agency (BA). Another novelty is that they are eligible for a settlement permit, in other words an indefinite right of residence, as early as after two years.

A right of residence for up to 6 months is introduced for foreign academics seeking employment. Anyone able to present an employment contract as an academic or qualified professional with a minimum salary of around €44,800 (around €34,944 for certain highly-skilled occupations) may work in Germany for up to 4 years using the ‘’Blue Card’’. Blue Card holders will already be eligible for a settlement permit after 2 to 3 years. Family members of foreign skilled workers will also find it easier to take up employment, for example by no longer requiring the approval of the German Federal Employment Agency.

Approvals and Accreditations of Study Programmes

There is wide range of study programmes with

i. German as medium of instruction
ii. English as the sole or primary medium of instruction, called International Degree Programmes (IDPs). A database of such programmes is available at http://www.daad.de/international-programmes

All the programmes are internationally recognised and are very multicultural in nature as the classroom has a varied mix of students from many countries.

Popular universities preferred by Indian students going to Germany

There is no “best university”, neither in one subject nor across all subjects. What Germany offers instead is a multidimensional ranking, considering various criteria like student and staff judgments on quality of teaching, atmosphere at the university, library and other equipment, student numbers, average study duration, number of graduations, third party funding etc. Several tables based on these considerations give you a detailed picture of the strengths and weaknesses of each university on www.university-ranking.de.

TU9 is the alliance of the leading institutes of technology in Germany. The member universities are: RWTH Aachen University, TU Berlin, TU Braunschweig, TU Darmstadt, TU Dresden, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, TU Munich, University of Stuttgart. For more info visit www.tu9.de

Germany is known all over the world for its expertise in technology and engineering marvels

Affordable tuition fee is one big advantage of studying in Germany

Right to residence gives foreign graduates the freedom of choice for long- term employment.

Admission Cycle

Session Begins: October (Winter semester) April (Summer Semester)

Application Deadline: Summit your application before 15 January for summer semester and before July for winter semester

Visa Cycle: Best to apply 3 months before the day of travel

 Visa Guidelines for Germany

  • In order to apply for a student visa, a valid passport, entitlement to university admission, as recognised in Germany, evidence of previous academic performance and proof that complete financial support for one year is guaranteed are required. The German Embassy and the Consulates require proof of funding for the first year of studies
    (approx. INR 4-5 lakh).
  • The VFS is close to Rs. 4000/- from August 2011
  • A complete medical check-up from a qualified medical doctor concerning illnesses or important drugs.
  • Applicants from Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand as well as the Union territories need to send application to German Embassy office, New Delhi.
  • The German Consulate General deals with the States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry.
  • To find out where you should apply for a visa, visit: http://www.india.diplo.de/Vertretung/indien/en/01__Embassy/Visa__Consular/Visa__Consular.html

Source: DAAD India

 

 

SUBJECTS PREFERRED BY INDIAN STUDENTS IN GERMANY
Subject
1998/99
2009/10
 
No.
%
No.
%
Mathematics, Natural Science
196
23
1588
39
Engineering
202
24
1396
34.3
Law, Economics and Social Sciences
158
19
545
13.4
Language and Cultural Sciences
167
20
209
5.1
Medicine
80
9
181
4.4
Agriculture, Forestry and Food Sciences
17
2
102
2.5
Art/Art studies
11
1
29
0.7
Veterinary medicine
4
0
5
0.1
Sport Sciences
5
1
5
0.1
Others
6
1
4
0.1
Total
846
100
4070
100
At Universities
724
86
3100
76
At Universities of Applied Sciences
104
12
927
23
Others
18
2
43
1
Educated outside Germany (Bildungsauslander)
622
74
3821
94
 
Popular universities preferred by Indian students going to Germany
 
No.
%
University
3821
100
RWTCH Aachen
180
5
Tu Berlin
120
3
U Bonn
117
3
U heidelberg
102
3
U Duisberg Essen
92
2
U Stuttqart
88
2
TU Dresden
85
2
U Freilburq i.Br
75
2
U M uenster
70
2
FH Aachen
65
2
U Goettingen
64
2
U des Saarlandes Saarbruecken
63
2
U Maqdeburq
63
2
 
 
 
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More like Germany

Questions related to Germany

Showing 58 out of 58 Questions
6 Views

I am bca student I want to take an admission in Germany for msc computer . what should I do? or what is my eligibility criteria?

Sanjay Khandelwal 20th Feb, 2020
You will have to look in the colleges and universities providing this course and see which has better ranking and are under your budget. You must have good score in UG. You will need a good IELTS score above 6 band. And see whether course is available in English. German language isnt must but start learning. Go straight to their website apply directly and wait for their response.
7 Views

I have done my bachelors in Civil Engineering. I want to pursue Masters in architecture either in India or abroad. is it possible?

Deblina Maity 20th Feb, 2020

Yes, it is possible to do M.Arch. in India. But, there are only few colleges who provide this option and also you will get only two or three streams under M.Arch which are related to civil engineering like urban planning and development. But in abroad as they provide interdisciplinary courses so you have better options and scope.

7 Views

which all universities in germany provide ms in embedded systems??

Nikki Nair 14th Feb, 2020

Hello Aswin

Well German universities offer a variety of courses,According to your preference

Some of the German universities that provide MS in Embedded Systems are

1.TU Chemnitz

2.University of Sttutgart(Infotech branch)

3.RWTH ACHEN

4.TU BERLIN

Well you can find many more public and private university on the official website

www.daad.de/en/ (//www.daad.de/en/)

In this website you can sort your preferences ,location,and subject

I hope this helps

Thanks and Regards

9 Views

i am planning to do ms in engg in germany !!! so how do i start?

Nikki Nair 14th Feb, 2020

Hello Aswin

Getting into German universities can be quite tough,As the give you world class education they also expect you too be quite advanced with your work

Here are some tips to start preparing

1.Complete minimum A1 and A2 exam in German language(Basic requirement),they have 2 types of course English taught and German taught

Even if you are getting into English Program they will still need German language for basic interaction

2.Get a good score (2.5 on German scale)

3.Collect your documents right away(All important marksheet)

4.Show your X-factor(can be anything from playing guitar to writing a book)

5.Apply at all German univ of your chioice

and then sit back and relax.

I hope this helps

Thanks

18 Views

iam completed my diploma mechanical engineering I want to study higher education in Germany so plz give me some information about this

deepika bala Student Expert 11th Feb, 2020
Hello Susan,
The diploma degree u pursued is validated in Germany but with the standard equivalent to German school of mechanics. You can contact the concerned university for diploma students acceptance and moreover the practical based learning  is essential for engineering courses which is not so common in india so you should definitely give it a try for great experience and exposure.
Best of luck .
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