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IELTS Reading

IELTS Reading

Edited By M Anusha | Updated on Aug 29, 2023 03:40 PM IST | #IELTS

IELTS Reading - The IELTS reading test is one of the components of the IELTS exam. The IELTS reading section is different in both IELTS general training reading and IELTS Academic. The duration of the IELTS reading task section is 60 minutes. The IELTS reading assesses the candidates skills like detailed reading, skimming, understanding arguments that are logical, and recognizing the writer's view, purpose, opinion, and attitude., etc. for a given written data or information. The general reading tests the candidates using reading passages from newspapers and magazines while the IELTS academic reading tests the candidate in academic concepts. Read the article to know more about the IELTS reading in terms of reading syllabus for IELTS exam, reading section pattern, scoring, sample questions, and reading passages, etc.

IELTS Reading Module Overview

Section Duration

60 minutes

Number of Question Types

11

No. of questions

40

Number of Long Passages

3

The IELTS Reading Test format

The IELTS syllabus and the IELTS test pattern for the reading section of the IELTS academic reading and IELTS general are different. The detailed information of the test format for General and academic are provided below.

IELTS Academic Reading - The reading section in academic consists o f 3 long passages extracted from books, magazines and newspapers. These IELTS reading texts would be appropriate for the candidates in academic backgrounds like university students and students who are registering for professional courses. The IELTS reading online passages are given in a variety of styles like narrative passage, descriptive passages, discursive passage and argumentative passage, etc. One of the three reading passage texts is logical type argument. The IELTS reading passages are not only written but also non verbal in the form of graphs, diagrams, tables, etc.

IELTS General Reading - The general reading test consists of 3 sections. The section 1 contains 2 to 3 short texts or several short texts, section 2 consists, section 3 consists of 1 long text. The three sections details are -

  • Section 1 - Focus on the texts related to social survival. Examples - notices, time tables, notices etc,

  • Section 2 - Focus on “workplace survival” concepts. For example -job descriptions, contracts, training materials and staff development etc.

  • Section 3 - Consists of text which are descriptive or narrative with general context from newspapers , books, magazines, etc.

IELTS Academic Reading Question Types

  • Multiple choice - There are 3 types in MCQ’s depending on the number of options test takers need to select the best one, two and three answers. The MCQ’s involve completing a sentence and answering the paragraph questions types.
  • Identifying information - From a given number of statements, the candidates have to identify whether the given statements which refer the passage are “true” or “false” or not given”
  • Identifying writer’s views/claims - From the given statement referring the passage, the candidate has to identify whether the statements agree with the writers views or claims by answering “Yes” or “No” or “ not given”
  • Matching information - The candidate has to scan the for the asked information from the reading passages. Rather than just headings, here candidates have to focus on the main information.
  • Matching headings - The candidate has to match the given headings to the given paragraphs.
  • Matching features - The given statements have to be matched with the given options but here there can be extra options which do not match any statement or else there can be options which match with more than one statement. In this IELTS reading question type the candidate ability to recognise relationships, opinions, theories and connection between facts
  • Matching Sentence Endings - The first half sentence in the question will be based on the text of the passage and options will be given to complete the statement. In this question type, the main idea understanding skills are assessed.
  • Sentence completion - Sentence must be completed as instructed. For example if the test takers are instructed“ no more than three words” then the candidate has to complete the sentence in three words. If more than 3 words are written then the candidate will lose the marks
  • Summary, note, table, flow chart completion - In this IELTS reading question type, the given summary texts or tables and flow charts which are incomplete must be completed.
  • Diagram Label Completion - The given labels of a diagram which relate to the text of the passage, must be completed as instructed.
  • Short-answer questions - The candidates have to answer the given questions related to paragraph in short length of word count instructed.
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IELTS Reading Academic score

The IELTS scores for reading are calculated in the form of bands 0 to 9. IELTS reading section consists of 40 questions, and each question carries 1 mark. These raw scores of IELTS Academic reading, out of the 40 marks are converted into IELTS reading bands of 0 to 9. The scoring for the IELTS academic and general training are graded on a same scale of 0 to 9 bands but the conversion rates from raw score to band score gets deferred.

Converted Raw scores to IELTS Reading bands for Academic

Raw score

Band score

2.3

4-5

3

6-7

3.5

9-8

4

12-10

4.5

14-13

5

15-18

5.5

19-22

6

26-23

6.5

29-27

7

30-32

7.5

34-33

8

36-35

8.5

38-37

9

40 -39

Converted Raw scores to IELTS Reading bands for General Training

Raw score

Band score

4

15

5

23

6

30

7

34

8

38


IELTS Reading Practice Test - One of the essential steps in preparing for the IELTS reading test is the IELTS speaking practice. Especially for the IELTS reading practice test, the official IELTS has provided the sample papers for the IELTS reading test online at https://www.ielts.org/for-test-takers/sample-test-questions#tab-2. In the IELTS reading mock test includes the IELTS general reading practice test as well as the IELTS academic reading practice test with answers in the form of PDF.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. Is there any penalty in reading the IELTS reading?

If the answers written by candidates contain poor spelling  or grammar mistakes, the score will be penalised.

2. Is IELTS academic reading difficult or IELTS general reading ?

Generally academic reading contains difficult vocabulary or complexity. Whereas the IELTS general consists of more short sections which must be answered correctly in order to get a good band score.

3. Is it easy to score 9 bands in IELTS reading?

Yes, the IELTS reading test is easy to score more when compared to IELTS speaking and writing sections. 

4. Is the IELTS exam tough for the Indian people?

It depends on each and every individual. For students who have completed schooling in English, it can be a bit easier to attempt rather than for students who have done schooling in Hindi or any other regional languages.

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Questions related to IELTS

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It is very highly unlikely to obtain a legitimate IELTS certificate without taking the exam. Any claims suggesting otherwise are likely scams. It is essential to take the exam through authorized testing centers to ensure the validity and credibility of the certificate.

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Choosing between the IELTS General Training and IELTS Academic tests depends on your goals and English proficiency. Generally, the IELTS General Training is considered easier for those focused on work, immigration, or training programs, with its emphasis on everyday language in the Reading and Writing sections. In contrast, the IELTS Academic test is more challenging, featuring complex academic texts and tasks suitable for university admissions and higher education. For personalized guidance on selecting the right test and preparing effectively, consider consulting Invicta Career Consultancy, which offers comprehensive support including test preparation and tailored advice to help you achieve your English language proficiency goals.

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Hope this information helps you.

Many candidates ask whether their IELTS certificate is real or fake. To know if your IELTS test report is real or not, check the following points:

  • Check the certification stamp on the certificate if it matches the centre of registration and your selected IELTS test centre .

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  • Make sure that you receive the confirmation of your IELTS registration from the centre you registered. Also, check the login credentials to verify your IELTS results once the process is complete.

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