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CGPA Full Form (Meaning): Conversion to Percentage Formula

CGPA Full Form (Meaning): Conversion to Percentage Formula

Edited By Stuti Jain | Updated on Jun 04, 2024 11:32 AM IST

The CGPA full form is Cumulative Grade Point Average, which is a grading system in educational institutions to evaluate a student's overall academic achievement over several terms or semesters. Unlike the Grade Point Average (GPA), which typically assesses achievement in a single term, the CGPA provides an extensive overview of a student's academic journey by combining grade points earned in all courses during the course duration.

The CGPA is calculated by adding the grade points achieved in each subject, multiplying by the relevant credit hours, and dividing by the total number of credits. This approach assures that each subject is accurately weighted based on its credit value. Many educational institutions, especially in India, convert CGPA to the percentage for more standardised evaluations and comparisons, sometimes using a common multiplier such as 9.5.

The main goal of the CGPA grading system is to identify the student's academic accomplishments so that they may both focus on their respective areas of weakness and produce strong outcomes. Read the entire article to learn more about CGPA full form, the conversion of CGPA to percentage, how to calculate CGPA, the difference between CGPA and GPA, and more.

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CGPA Full Form and Meaning

The full form of CGPA is Cumulative Grade Point Average. It is the metric system used to evaluate a student's total academic achievement over a given period, usually a semester or academic year. CGPA, as compared to GPA (Grade Point Average), measures a student's cumulative achievement over numerous semesters or courses.

CGPA Meaning

Every course you take is awarded a letter grade (A, B, C, D, or F).

Each letter grade has a corresponding grade point value. For example, an A may be worth 4 points, but a F could be worth 0 points. (The particular point values may change based on the university.)

Your CGPA is derived by averaging the grade points you obtained across all of your courses.

In a nutshell, CGPA is a single figure that represents your total educational achievement. It is important for several reasons, including:

  • Applying to higher education.

  • Securing scholarships and awards.

  • Meeting graduation requirements

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CGPA Full Form in Education

In educational institutions, mainly colleges and universities, the CGPA is the standard technique for measuring individuals' academic performance. It follows a CGPA grading system in which each course is awarded a set amount of credit hours and a letter grade depending on the performance of students. These letter grades are then transformed into numerical values known as grade points, which generally range from 0 to 10.

How is CGPA Calculated?

The CGPA is similar to a report card for your whole academic programme at school or college. This is how the CGPA is calculated:

  • Each letter grade (A, B, C) is assigned a numerical value depending on your school's system. A good grade, such as an A can be a 4, but a bad grade, such as an F, could be 0.

  • Certain subjects are worth more than others, so they multiply the grade scores by the number of credits each subject has earned.

  • Finally, sum up all of the points with credits considered and divide them by the total amount of credits you received. This provides you with your CGPA, a single value representing your entire achievement.

Also read: CGPA Calculator - Know How to Calculate CGPA

CGPA Conversion to Percentage Formula

The conversion of CGPA to percentage is important for students trying to understand their academic position in terms of percentage. While the specific conversion calculation differs per educational institution, a common technique includes multiplying the CGPA by a set multiplier (e.g., 9.5 or 10) to calculate an equivalent percentage.

Percentage = CGPA × 9.5

CGPA to percentage example Calculation

If a student has a CGPA of 8.2, the conversion to percentage would be:

Percentage = 8.2 × 9.5 = 77.9 %

So, a CGPA of 8.2 converts to a percentage of 77.9%.

CGPA to Percentage Conversion

In many educational systems, including those in India and some parts of Asia, CGPA is often converted into a percentage to facilitate comparisons and evaluations. The process of converting CGPA to percentage involves using a conversion formula or table provided by the institution. This conversion is essential for various purposes, such as applying for further studies or seeking employment opportunities where percentage scores are commonly used for evaluation.

CGPA Full Form Calculator

In today's digital age, numerous online tools and calculators facilitate the conversion of CGPA to percentage with ease and accuracy. These CGPA to Percentage calculators typically require users to input their CGPA score and select the applicable conversion formula, providing instant results.

A CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) calculator estimates the average of grade points earned in all subjects during a particular time, semester, or academic year, to evaluate a student's overall academic achievement. To calculate the CGPA, you must have the grade points and, the credit hours for each course. Follow the below-mentioned steps to calculate the CGPA.

How to calculate the CGPA?

If you have the grades and credits, you can follow these steps:

  1. If you have the grades and credits, you can proceed with the following steps:

  2. List the subjects you are studying along with their corresponding grade points and credits.

  3. Multiply each subject's grade points by its corresponding credits.

  4. Add up the results from step 2.

  5. Add up all the credits.

  6. Divide the step 3 result by the step 4 result.

Let us understand the calculation through an example, provided below:


Grade Points














  1. Multiply grade points by credits:

    • Maths: 8*4=32

    • Physics: 9*3=27

    • Chemistry: 7*3=21

    • English: 6*2=12.

  2. Make the sum of all results: 32+27+21+12 = 92

  3. Now, add all the credits: 4+3+3+2 = 12

  4. Lastly, divide the total grade points, by the total credits:

    • 92 / 12 = 7.667

Hence, the total CGPA is 7.67.


Both the CGPA and GPA are similar concepts, but they differ in scope and calculation. GPA usually refers to the average grade point earned by a student in a single term or course, whereas CGPA represents their cumulative average across multiple terms or courses. While both are used as standards for educational achievement, the CGPA offers a more thorough analysis by taking into account a student's total development over time.

How to Find CGPA from GPA?

Converting GPA to CGPA follows the same method as converting CGPA to percentage. If you have GPA scores for individual terms, you can calculate your CGPA by calculating the weighted average of these GPAs while accounting for the credit hours allotted to each term. This approach helps you evaluate your overall academic achievement over multiple semesters or courses.

CGPA vs GPA 2024


CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average)

GPA (Grade Point Average)


Measures overall academic achievement during the whole academic career.

It evaluates academic performance over a single term or semester.


Total credit hours throughout all terms divided by the sum of grade points received in all courses.

Grade points obtained in courses during a term divided by total credit hours in that term.


Long-term (entire academic course)

Short-term (one term or semester)


Assesses overall academic achievement for graduation requirements, future study, or job applications.

Evaluation of performance for a certain term, used for academic requirements and employment applications.


Entire semester or all terms

1 semester or term

Related Article: CGPA to GPA

CGPA to Percentage Conversion Table

To help students convert from CGPA to percentage, colleges and universities often provide conversion tables or formulas based on specified parameter values. These tables often show the comparable percentage ranges for various CGPA values, making it easier for students to understand their CGPA results in percentages.

Below is a hypothetical conversion table that shows the approximate equivalent between CGPA and percentage scores:























Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What is a 75% CGPA?

A 75% CGPA has no exact percentage equivalent since the conversion from CGPA to percentage depends on the CGPA grading system of your school or college. However, if we consider the above-mentioned hypothetical table, 75% would range between the CGPA range of 8.0 and 9.0.

2. How is CGPA calculated?

To calculate the CGPA, individuals must have the grade points and, the credit hours for each subject or course. To get a CGPA, multiply the grade points of each subject by its credits. Add the total number of credits and grade points. Divide the total grade points by the total number of credits. This will provide students with the CGPA for their respective courses.  

3. Is a 9.6 CGPA good?

Yes, achieving a 9.6 CGPA is considered excellent, and it indicates that one has achieved outstanding grades in his/her education. Candidates with high CGPA can pursue higher education in top universities or get employed in top companies across the world.

4. How much CGPA is grade A?

Determining the CGPA for grade A varies on the education institution for some colleges, A can be a 4, for others, it can be somewhere between 75-85%, or it can be some other grade. Hence, students are advised to check the CGPA grading system of their school or college to get accurate results.  

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