TOEFL Syllabus 2018: ETS®, the TOEFL® conducting body prescribes four modules/sections in the TOEFL syllabus 2018, namely, Listening, Reading, Speaking and Writing. Although there is no specific TOEFL 2018 syllabus, the pattern of the test is quite specific. The test takers are required to combine his/her language skills in all the sections while appearing for the TOEFL exam. All the sections are conducted on the same day with a 10 minutes break. Candidates are assessed on their capability to ingrate the mentioned skill-sets. Careers 360, in this article, has provided the syllabus of TOEFL 2018 pertaining to Listening, Reading, Speaking and Writing sections.
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As per the TOEFL syllabus 2018, a candidate is required to perform the following tasks-
Read, listen and then speak in response to a question
Listen and then speak in response to a question
Read, listen and then write in response to a question
The detailed break-up of the four sections in TOEFL Syllabus 2018 are provided below:
Reading section description-
Length of Each Passage
Number of Passages
Number of questions in each passage
Timing for each passage
700 words approx.
3-4 Passages from academic texts.
12-14 questions per passage.
36-56 questions in total.
20mins to read and answer the questions
Reading: This section involves reading three or four passages from academic texts and answering questions. Candidates can practice reading passages from books or papers to prepare for this module. The passages in the test can be derived from anywhere. In this section of TOEFL 2018, only reading ability of the candidate is checked.
Listening section description-
Number of Lecture
Number of words in each lecture(words)
Number of questions in each lecture/conversation
Timing for each lecture/conversation
6 questions per lecture
3-5 minutes each
5 questions per conversation
34-51 questions in total(lectures+ conversations)
3 minutes each
60–90 minutes is the total duration for Listening module
Listening: This section requires a candidate to listen to academic lectures, classroom discussions and conversations; then answering questions related to the topic. The test takers need to be alert and active in this section of the exam as they will be later asked questions from the sessions. It is advisable that students take notes while listening to the lectures and discussions.
Speaking section description-
The total duration of Speaking module is 20 minutes.
Number of tasks =6.
Number of Tasks
Duration of Passage/Conversation/
(after beep sound)
(after beep sound)
2 Independent Tasks.
15 secs each.
15x2= 30 secs
45 secs each.
45x2= 90 secs
4 Integrated Tasks
1> Read/ Listen/ Speak.
Passages and talks. Then answer the questions relating both.
2> Listen/Speak. Listen to part of Lecture and then answer the given question.
Passage- 45 secs each to read.
60-90 secs. 150-220 words.
90- 120 secs.
30 secs each.
30x2= 60 secs
60 secs each.
60x2= 120 secs
20 secs each.
20x2= 40 secs
60 secs each.
60x2= 120 secs
Speaking: According to the syllabus of TOEFL 2018, in this section, test takers have to express an opinion on a familiar topic. They will have to speak based on the Reading and Listening tasks. This section evaluates a candidate's ability to comprehend information. Basically, one needs to explain what he/she has read.
Writing section description-
Word Limit for Reading Passage
Listening Passage Word Limit
Listening Passage Time
1 Integrated task
150- 225 words
1 Independent task
Writing from Knowledge and Experience
Writing: In this section, candidates will have to write essay responses based on the reading and listening tasks that is provided. The candidate will also have to support an opinion in writing. The candidate should be well informed in order to crack this section.
What is the exam pattern of TOEFL 2018?
The total duration of the TOEFL test is about four and a half hours. Below is the test pattern of TOEFL 2018 exam. Aspiring candidates can also check the TOEFL sample paper if one wishes to know more about TOEFL syllabus 2018.
TOEFL 2018 Syllabus
Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.
Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, answer questions.
Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.
TOEFL, a test of English language proficiency is administered by a US-based non-profit organization called the Educational Testing Service (ETS) is recognised by more than 10,000 participating institutes and organisations across 130 countries, including Australia, Canada, the UK and the United States. TOEFL Test result is also required for availing the visa in some of the countries worldwide. The test score of TOEFL is valid up to 2 years from the date of test. The exam is typically held on Saturdays and Sundays. Candidates can register for TOEFL 2018 depending on the availability of TOEFL Test dates 2018 which are scheduled by the concerned authorities.
TOEFL Test Prep planner as prepared by ETS, the TOEFL conducting body aims to help aspirants plan their TOEFL iBT 2018 exam. The TOEFL iBT® Test Prep Planner offers a comprehensive 8-week plan to prepare for the TOEFL® test. The planner has all the information related the exam including TOEFL 2018 syllabus, TOEFL 2018 preparation tips, TOEFL 2018, sample question paper, scoring guides. It also provided some skill-building activities.
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