TOEFL Syllabus 2018

TOEFL Syllabus 2016
TOEFL Syllabus 2018: ETS®, the TOEFL® conducting body prescribes four modules/sections in the TOEFL syllabus 2018, namely, Listening, Reading, Speaking and Writing. Although there is no specific TOEFL 2018 syllabus, the pattern of the test is quite specific. The test takers are required to combine his/her language skills in all the sections while appearing for the TOEFL exam. All the sections are conducted on the same day with a 10 minutes break. Candidates are assessed on their capability to ingrate the mentioned skill-sets. Careers 360, in this article, has provided the syllabus of TOEFL 2018 pertaining to Listening, Reading, Speaking and Writing sections.

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As per the TOEFL syllabus 2018, a candidate is required to perform the following tasks-

  • Read, listen and then speak in response to a question

  • Listen and then speak in response to a question

  • Read, listen and then write in response to a question

The detailed break-up of the four sections in TOEFL Syllabus 2018 are provided below:

  • Reading section description-

Length of Each Passage

Number of Passages

Number of questions in each passage

Timing for each passage

Total Duration

700 words approx.

3-4 Passages from academic texts.

12-14 questions per passage.

36-56 questions in total.

20mins to read and answer the questions


Reading: This section involves reading three or four passages from academic texts and answering questions. Candidates can practice reading passages  from books or papers to prepare for this module. The passages in the test can be derived from anywhere. In this section of TOEFL 2018, only reading ability of the candidate is checked.

  • Listening section description-

Number of Lecture

Number of  words in each lecture(words)


Number of  questions in each lecture/conversation

Timing for each lecture/conversation

4-6 lectures

500-800 words

6 questions per lecture

3-5 minutes each

2–3 conversations

12-25 exchanges

5 questions per conversation



34-51 questions in total(lectures+ conversations)


3 minutes each


60–90 minutes is the total duration for Listening module

Listening: This section requires a candidate to listen to academic lectures, classroom discussions and conversations; then answering questions related to the topic. The test takers need to be alert and active in this section of the exam as they will be later asked questions from the sessions. It is advisable that students take notes while listening to the lectures and discussions.

  • Speaking section description-

  • The total duration of Speaking module is 20 minutes.

  • Number of tasks =6.

Number of Tasks

Duration of Passage/Conversation/


Preparing Time

(after beep sound)

Speaking Time

(after beep sound)

2 Independent Tasks.

Not specified

15 secs each.


15x2= 30 secs

45 secs each.

45x2= 90 secs


4 Integrated Tasks


1>    Read/ Listen/ Speak.

Passages and talks. Then answer the questions relating both.



2>    Listen/Speak. Listen to part of Lecture and then   answer the given question.





Passage- 45 secs each to read.

75-100 words.


Listening passage-

60-90 secs. 150-220 words.


Listening passage-

60-90 secs.

180-220 words.



90- 120 secs.

230-250 words.



30 secs each.


30x2= 60 secs




60 secs each.


60x2= 120 secs







20 secs each.


20x2= 40 secs







60 secs each.


60x2= 120 secs


Speaking: According to the syllabus of TOEFL 2018, in this section, test takers have to express an opinion on a familiar topic. They will have to speak based on the Reading and Listening tasks. This section evaluates a candidate's ability to comprehend information. Basically, one needs to explain what he/she has read.

  • Writing section description-

Task Type

Task Description

Word Limit for Reading Passage

Reading Time

Listening Passage Word Limit

Listening Passage Time

Word Limit

Response Time

1 Integrated task



230-300 words

3 minutes

230-300 words

2 minutes

150- 225 words

20 minutes


1 Independent task

Writing from Knowledge and Experience





300 words

30 minutes

Writing: In this section, candidates will have to write essay responses based on the reading and listening tasks that is provided. The candidate will also have to support an opinion in writing. The candidate should be well informed in order to crack this section.


What is the exam pattern of TOEFL 2018?

The total duration of the TOEFL test is about four and a half hours. Below is the test pattern of TOEFL 2018 exam. Aspiring candidates can also check the TOEFL sample paper if one wishes to know more about TOEFL syllabus 2018.


TOEFL 2018 Syllabus


Time Limit




60–80 minutes

36–56 questions

Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.


60–90 minutes

34–51 questions

Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, answer questions.


20 minutes

6 tasks

Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.


50 minutes

2 tasks

Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.

TOEFL, a test of English language proficiency is administered by a US-based non-profit organization called the Educational Testing Service (ETS) is recognised by more than 10,000 participating institutes and organisations across 130 countries, including Australia, Canada, the UK and the United States. TOEFL Test result is also required for availing the visa in some of the countries worldwide. The test score of TOEFL is valid up to 2 years from the date of test. The exam is typically held on Saturdays and Sundays. Candidates can register for TOEFL 2018 depending on the availability of TOEFL Test dates 2018 which are scheduled by the concerned authorities.

TOEFL Test Prep planner as prepared by ETS, the TOEFL conducting body aims to help aspirants plan their TOEFL iBT 2018 exam. The TOEFL iBT® Test Prep Planner offers a comprehensive 8-week plan to prepare for the TOEFL® test. The planner has all the information related the exam including TOEFL 2018 syllabus, TOEFL 2018 preparation tips, TOEFL 2018, sample question paper, scoring guides. It also provided some skill-building activities.

To download Click here



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HARSEWAK SAINILast Seen: 4 days 5 hours agoJoined on: 17-May-2018Education Interest: MedicineEducation Level: Class 12

Is this exam also allow to study mbbs in abroad

Answer (1)

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Vinayak ThaparLast Seen: 18 hours 4 min agoJoined on: 16-May-2018Education Interest: MedicineEducation Level: Graduate & Above
Hello Harsewak,Thanks for reaching to us. TOEFL is a Standardized test for testing the English Language ability of non-native speakers wish to enroll in English speaking Universities. As far as M...Read More

Ankeeta Aul 4 days ago

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Ankeeta AulLast Seen: 3 days 14 hours agoJoined on: 16-May-2018Education Interest: Study AbroadEducation Level: Class 11

I want to study english literature major in USA. Can I pursue it through TOEFL

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meenakshi s 14 hours ago

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Meenakshi SLast Seen: 13 hours 1 min agoJoined on: 20-May-2018Education Interest: EngineeringEducation Level: Graduate & Above
Dear Ankeeta,TOEFL is Test of English as Foreign Language.Yes, TOEFL Test results can be shown a proof of your English Proficiency but there will also be other academic admission requirements which ha...Read More

Ankeeta Aul 4 days ago

Ankeeta Auls picture
Ankeeta AulLast Seen: 3 days 14 hours agoJoined on: 16-May-2018Education Interest: Study AbroadEducation Level: Class 11

I want to study english literature major in USA. Can I pursue it throigh TOEFL

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Ishaan kumar 10 days ago

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Ishaan KumarLast Seen: 18 hours 42 min agoJoined on: 02-Apr-2018Education Interest: Study AbroadEducation Level: Class 10 or below

When should I send my SAT and TOEFl score to universities

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AZIM 10 days ago

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AZIMLast Seen: 12 hours 19 min agoJoined on: 01-Aug-2017Education Interest: EngineeringEducation Level: Graduate & Above
Can u specify,TOEFLl is for uk and US
U have to submit thru online only and vice versa.

Lalit Larson 22 days ago

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Lalit LarsonLast Seen: 2 weeks 5 days agoJoined on: 20-Apr-2018Education Interest: EngineeringEducation Level: Graduate & Above

TOEFL exam is based on online or written.?

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Shahin Isha 13 days ago

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Shahin IshaLast Seen: 21 hours 13 min agoJoined on: 21-Apr-2014Education Interest: MedicineEducation Level: In Graduation
It can be both paper-based (i.e offline) and online(i.e internet based). However most of the colleges accept the score of internet based test(iBT) right now.