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MEDICAL EDUCATION is the biggest attraction for Indian students to go to Russia

It is said that over one quarter of the world’s scientific literature is published in Russian - a surprisingly uniform language despite its enormous spread across country and peoples. It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations. A crucible of civilisation and a bridge between Europe and Asia, Russia has traditionally been known for its hard science orientation where even social sciences had a scientific approach attached to them. No wonder then that the nation had substantial science output.

Education system
In Russia, the system is largely based on the central European system, and quite similar in its structure. The system is split into four major parts – primary, secondary, higher and postgraduate education. Although the names broadly correspond to the same education types as elsewhere, there are some differences. There are three basic kinds of higher education institutions in Russia - universities, academies and institutes. Universities offer a wide spectrum of programmes on all levels of education. Academies provide higher education at all levels and conduct a large amount of research – usually specialised in a branch such as science, art or architecture. Institutes are independent parts of universities or academies offering professional education programs.

Science and technology
There are some 48 universities and 519 institutions of higher education in Russia producing more university graduates than any other country in Europe. This is largely due to the government financing all education and higher education, including living expenses during the Soviet era. Russia has historically placed much emphasis on science and technology in educations, and most of the government-run institutions are specialised within this area. This is also where Russian higher education has its best reputation. To complement these traditional Russian institutions, many private institutions of higher educations have been emerging for providing education in those areas not traditionally in focus such as Economics, Business and Law.

Degree structures
Higher education in Russia normally lasts between four to six years. The first four years of full-time university study leads to a Bakalavr (Bachelor) degree. The completion of the course requires a research project and passing the state final exams. The Bachelor degree is awarded in all fields except medicine, where the first stage lasts for six years.

Once students have obtained their Bakalavr degree, they are eligible for entry into a Specialist Diploma and Magistr’s (Master’s) degree programme. In Russia, this does not count as postgraduate education, as is the case in most other countries. The Master’s degree is awarded after two years of study where one year is for research, including practise, preparation and defining of a thesis. In addition, you must also sit for final exams.

 "Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees were introduced to make the Russian higher education system conform to international standards" 

Unique system
Both Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees are relatively new. They did not exist in the Soviet system, and were introduced to conform the Russian system toward a more international standard in accordance with the Bologna Process. This change will hopefully mean a greater recognition and acceptance of Russian degrees abroad, which has been a problem for international students in the past and has kept the numbers of international students down. A Master’s degree qualifies the student to enter postgraduate education, which is obtained at a university or scientific institute and is split in two parts. The first level usually results in a Kandidat nauk degree, which is a Candidate of Sciences. This first level is roughly equivalent to a PhD in the United States. Further postgraduate education (two to four years) leads to a Doctor Nauk degree which then leads on to a Doctor degree. The latter is rarely awarded to anyone below 40 as the time between these two degrees is generally around ten years.

Entrance requirements
The requirements vary depending on the university and the faculty you are applying to but, like most places, based on your previous grades, entrance examination and interview. Grades and transcripts must always be translated into Russian and notorised. Russian universities will often require non-native speakers to enrol in a Russian language course at the university before starting their full time studies.

The top universities in Russia have very competitive entrance requirements based largely on entry exams held each year. For Bachelor’s, the unified State Examination, similar to the SAT used in the United States, is used all over the country as the entrance requirement.

If you are applying for advanced degrees (MA/ MSc, PhD, DSc), you will need to have your previous degree(s) in the same or a very similar field. This requirement is rather strict, especially in comparison to the US or the UK.

Visa procedure
As any other study abroad destination, Russia requires almost all foreigners to hold a valid visa for entry into the country. The most fitting choice of visa for you will most likely be a student visa. Russian visas are only issued with a letter of invitation from your host – in this case your future university. It may take up to 75 days for you to receive this letter of invitation – so start well ahead of time with your application. It’s a 3-month visa, which will be extended annually by the university. You need a special invitation visa from the University for the Study Visa (view box for details).

Compared to many other countries, the cost of studying in Russia is very low. Most Russian nationals are not required to pay tuition provided they get good results in their course of study. Although international students pay tuition, in comparison to many other places costs are still low. Tuition for degree study can range from $2000 to $8000 per year, with other costs (room & board, books, etc.) ranging from $1500 to $5000 per year, depending on location and spending habits. Also, it is possible for a small quota of international students to have their studies financed through Russian federal fellowships.

Documents for Visa
  • Academic documentation with notarised translation into Russian.
  • For Bachelor studies (BSc/ BA):
  • School-leaving certificate
  • For Master’s (MSc/MA): Bachelor’s or Specialist’s degree certificate
  • For Postgraduate studies (Candidate’s PhD degree): Master’s or Bachelor’s certificate
  • Transcript (document showing the subjects you have studied with grades you have received) with a notarised translation into Russian
  • Medical certificate and AIDS test result (Test must be taken at an MSU clinic)
  • The Centre of International Studies Certificate or certificate showing the results of your test of Russian language

Note: Students must consult nearest Russian embassy or consulate for exact information

This article is sourced from the Ministryof Education and science of the Russian Federation.

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Questions related to Russia

Showing 20 out of 20 Questions

Need to go for MDS course in Russia after my BDS. Can you please suggest as how can I get admission there.

Sonali Sahu Student Expert 22nd May, 2020


You have to appear for selection into any college. Choose any college which you find suitable. Check how the college selects candidates. Prepare for  it and give your best. After you get your call letter, you can go and take admission.


  1. candidate should have graduation degree recognized by DCI or WHO.
  2. Must have the equivalency certificate from Russian Ministry

for applying you will need your mark sheets and pass certificate from 10th to graduation.  college leaving certificate, Internship completion certificate, transcripts, passport size photo,provisional and registration certificate.

Hope it helps!


is far eastern federal university,Russia good in MBBS for Indian students?

Shahbaz khan 28th Apr, 2020
Is you want to study in abroad then go to Nepal they provide best facilities and study and also u,ll be comfortable their as people's of thier are like Indians only and the cost will go around 30 to 35 lakhs total

studying MBBS in Russia is use full ?

rajaman9300_7946061 Student Expert 27th Apr, 2020

Yes, you can study MBBS in Russia. But let me remind you the problem which you may face while studying or while applying.

1. There are many fake Universities in Russia providing fake degree that too without having a Hospital.

2. A lot of 3rd Party Corruption During the admission time.

3.Deportation Problem.


I have completed my MBBS from Russia now I want to do PhD in Clinical Psychology from SPPU Pune.. For PET what is syllabus?

Priyaanka Sarkar Student Expert 26th Apr, 2020

Sonal, here is the pdf format of PET Syllabus for Psychology. You can download it from the official website; It is a 4 page pdf and so we are helping you wtih the link. Hope this helps.


i have done my mbbs from russia and i am going to pursue my post graduation here itself.. or some other place abroad.. do i have to give any entrance after returning to india after i complete my pg abroad?? please guide

Akram Khan 9th Apr, 2020


To practice in india as registered doctor by MCI the foreign medical graduate has to pass the FMGE exam.

Thoso who obtained their PG from abroad are not recognized by MCI and there is no such exam to get recognized.

It is in discussion that for post graduate medical aspirant who obtained their pg from abroad, a similar exam like FMGE should be conducted by DNB so that they can practice in india. And MCI is also looking forward for this. However as of now there is no such exam for foreign medical pg aspirant.

You can give FMGE and after clearing that apply for neet pg to study pg in india.

Hope this helps.

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