It is said that over one quarter of the world’s scientific literature is published in Russian - a surprisingly uniform language despite its enormous spread across country and peoples. It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations. A crucible of civilisation and a bridge between Europe and Asia, Russia has traditionally been known for its hard science orientation where even social sciences had a scientific approach attached to them. No wonder then that the nation had substantial science output.
Education system In Russia, the system is largely based on the central European system, and quite similar in its structure. The system is split into four major parts – primary, secondary, higher and postgraduate education. Although the names broadly correspond to the same education types as elsewhere, there are some differences. There are three basic kinds of higher education institutions in Russia - universities, academies and institutes. Universities offer a wide spectrum of programmes on all levels of education. Academies provide higher education at all levels and conduct a large amount of research – usually specialised in a branch such as science, art or architecture. Institutes are independent parts of universities or academies offering professional education programs.
Science and technology There are some 48 universities and 519 institutions of higher education in Russia producing more university graduates than any other country in Europe. This is largely due to the government financing all education and higher education, including living expenses during the Soviet era. Russia has historically placed much emphasis on science and technology in educations, and most of the government-run institutions are specialised within this area. This is also where Russian higher education has its best reputation. To complement these traditional Russian institutions, many private institutions of higher educations have been emerging for providing education in those areas not traditionally in focus such as Economics, Business and Law.
Degree structuresHigher education in Russia normally lasts between four to six years. The first four years of full-time university study leads to a Bakalavr (Bachelor) degree. The completion of the course requires a research project and passing the state final exams. The Bachelor degree is awarded in all fields except medicine, where the first stage lasts for six years.
Once students have obtained their Bakalavr degree, they are eligible for entry into a Specialist Diploma and Magistr’s (Master’s) degree programme. In Russia, this does not count as postgraduate education, as is the case in most other countries. The Master’s degree is awarded after two years of study where one year is for research, including practise, preparation and defining of a thesis. In addition, you must also sit for final exams.
Unique systemBoth Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees are relatively new. They did not exist in the Soviet system, and were introduced to conform the Russian system toward a more international standard in accordance with the Bologna Process. This change will hopefully mean a greater recognition and acceptance of Russian degrees abroad, which has been a problem for international students in the past and has kept the numbers of international students down. A Master’s degree qualifies the student to enter postgraduate education, which is obtained at a university or scientific institute and is split in two parts. The first level usually results in a Kandidat nauk degree, which is a Candidate of Sciences. This first level is roughly equivalent to a PhD in the United States. Further postgraduate education (two to four years) leads to a Doctor Nauk degree which then leads on to a Doctor degree. The latter is rarely awarded to anyone below 40 as the time between these two degrees is generally around ten years.
Entrance requirementsThe requirements vary depending on the university and the faculty you are applying to but, like most places, based on your previous grades, entrance examination and interview. Grades and transcripts must always be translated into Russian and notorised. Russian universities will often require non-native speakers to enrol in a Russian language course at the university before starting their full time studies.
The top universities in Russia have very competitive entrance requirements based largely on entry exams held each year. For Bachelor’s, the unified State Examination, similar to the SAT used in the United States, is used all over the country as the entrance requirement.
If you are applying for advanced degrees (MA/ MSc, PhD, DSc), you will need to have your previous degree(s) in the same or a very similar field. This requirement is rather strict, especially in comparison to the US or the UK.
Visa procedureAs any other study abroad destination, Russia requires almost all foreigners to hold a valid visa for entry into the country. The most fitting choice of visa for you will most likely be a student visa. Russian visas are only issued with a letter of invitation from your host – in this case your future university. It may take up to 75 days for you to receive this letter of invitation – so start well ahead of time with your application. It’s a 3-month visa, which will be extended annually by the university. You need a special invitation visa from the University for the Study Visa (view box for details).
FinancingCompared to many other countries, the cost of studying in Russia is very low. Most Russian nationals are not required to pay tuition provided they get good results in their course of study. Although international students pay tuition, in comparison to many other places costs are still low. Tuition for degree study can range from $2000 to $8000 per year, with other costs (room & board, books, etc.) ranging from $1500 to $5000 per year, depending on location and spending habits. Also, it is possible for a small quota of international students to have their studies financed through Russian federal fellowships.
Note: Students must consult nearest Russian embassy or consulate for exact information
This article is sourced from the Ministryof Education and science of the Russian Federation.
Top Universities in Russia 2019 - QS and THE had released the ranking of Top Universities in Russ...
Study Medicine in Russia – If you are searching for affordable destination to study medicine then...
THE BRICS Rankings 2016 - China Grabbed the #1 Rank in the Times higher education (THE) BRICS Ran...
Top universities in Russia 2014- Check the Top universities in Russia 2014 here, we have listed t...
Know the academic calendar of the institutes and universities in Russia and the student visa cycl...
Here's your list:
Moscow Power Engineering Institute
Tomsk Polytechnic University
Kazan Federal University
Novosibirsk State University
Siberian Federal University
Saint Petersburg Mining Institute
Well I would like to tell you that if you want to study your PG from Russian itself then you can do so by easily following the same process for admission for each university by watching the admission requirements of particular college.
I hope my answer helps.
All the best.
Your brochure has been successfully mailed to your registered email id .
The Question containing Inaapropriate or Abusive Words
Question lacks the basic details making it difficult to answer
Topic Tagged to the Question are not relevant to Question
Question drives traffic to external sites for promotional or commercial purposes
The Question is not relevant to User
Regular exam updates, QnA, Predictors, College Applications & E-books now on your Mobile