IELTS Syllabus 2018 - The IELTS conducting bodies, namely British Council, IDP and Cambridge Assessment English prescribe the respective syllabus of IELTS 2018 for both the formats, i.e. IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training. According to the IELTS 2018 syllabus, IELTS exam consists of four compulsory sections – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking sections. The IELTS syllabus 2018 also states that the Listening and Speaking sections would be similar to all the test takers, but the Reading and Writing modules would be different for both Academic and General Training formats. The test of IELTS is designed to reflect the real-life usage of English language at study, at work, and at informal/social gatherings. IELTS results are scored on a unique 9-band scale. In this article, Careers360, has projected all the information related to IELTS syllabus 2018.
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Quick Facts: Test Pattern of IELTS 2018
It is vital for all the prospective test takers to know the IELTS 2018 exam pattern and the IELTS syllabus 2018, so to be able to prepare accordingly. Candidates can read the below information related to the same:-
Reading Listening Writing Speaking
2 hours 45 minutes
11 – 14 minutes
British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and the University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations (Cambridge ESOL).
Band scale (0-9)
According to the IELTS 2018 test pattern, the Listening, Reading and Writing tests are conducted on one day while the speaking module may be taken on the same day or within seven days prior or after the test. Therefore, while choosingfor a particular IELTS test date during the application process of IELTS 2018, candidates should ensure he / she is available at the test centre on the given date pertaining to the Speaking test.
IELTS 2018 Syllabus
Following table shows the syllabus of IELTS 2018:-
IELTS Syllabus 2018: Section-wise
IELTS Test Component
Listening (Same for Academic and General Training)
Four sections, 40 items
Reading (Different for Academic and General Training)
Three sections, 40 items
Writing (Different for Academic and General Training)
Speaking (Same for Academic and General Training)
Three-part one-on-one conversation
IELTS Listening Section:
The Listening section of IELTS has four sub-sections. The first one is a conversation between two individuals set in an everyday social context. Second is a monologue or a speech. Third section is a conversation among a maximum of four people set in an academic setting and the final one is a monologue on an academic subject, for instance, an academic lecture. Each section is heard only once. Candidates can notes while listening to the conversations and lectures, which can be referred to while answering the questions.
IELTS Reading section:
According to the IELTS syllabus 2018, the Reading section assesses the test taker’s skill in reading as she/he has to answer questions (multiple choice, sentence completion, summary writing, matching information, short-answers etc.) after reading text passages. Each passage consists of 13-14 questions; overall Reading module has 40 questions to be answered. A variety of question types like reading for gist, reading for main ideas, reading for detail, skimming, understanding logical argument, recognising writers' opinions, attitudes and purpose are used in order to test a wide range of reading skills. The reading passages and questions are different in Academic and General Training IELTS.
Reading- IELTS Academic:
The Academic version of the syllabus of IELTS 2018 includes three long texts where the subject matter range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. The texts are authentic and are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. These are selected for a non-specialist audience but are appropriate for candidates entering university courses or seeking professional registration abroad.
Reading- IELTS General Training:
According to the IELTS 2018 Syllabus, the General Training version requires candidates to read extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines. These are materials one is likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English speaking environment.
IELTS Writing Section:
The IELTS writing section, again, is different for the two versions (Academic and General Training). In each version, the section consists of two tasks:
Writing- IELTS Academic:
The writing component of IELTS Academic includes two tasks. Topics are of general interest and suitable for candidates planning undergraduate and postgraduate studies abroad or seeking professional registration.
Candidates will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in own words. Test takers may be asked to describe and explain a given data, describe the stages of a process, flowchart of how something works or describe an object or event.
Candidates would be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal and academic style. Arguments should be supported by relevant examples.
Writing- IELTS General Training:
The writing component of IELTS General Training includes two tasks which are based on topics of general interest.
Candidates will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter requesting information or explaining a given situation. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.
Test takers will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be slightly more personal in style than the Academic Writing Task 2 essay. Opinions should be supported by relevant examples.
IELTS Speaking Section:
The IELTS 2018 syllabus prescribes that the IELTS Speaking test will be recorded for evaluation purpose and will consist of three parts that simulate a face-to-face oral interview with an examiner. The Speaking component assesses the candidates’ use of spoken English; takes between 11 to 14 minutes to complete. The entire speaking test is recorded by the examiner. The Speaking component is delivered in such a way that it does not allow candidates to rehearse set responses beforehand.
The examiner will ask general questions about oneself and a range of familiar topics, such as home, family, work, studies and interests. This part lasts for about four and five minutes.
Candidates will be given a card which asks the examinee to talk about a particular topic. He/she will have one minute to prepare before speaking for up to two minutes. The examiner will then ask one or two questions on the same topic to complete the second part of the speaking test.
Test takers will be asked further questions connected to the topic in Part 2. These questions will give candidates opportunity to discuss more abstract ideas and issue. This part of the test lasts for about four to five minutes.
Note- Test takers should remember to use neutral English while answering in the Speaking section and should try not to use fake accents.
Since there is no eligibility criteria for IELTS 2018, aspirants who wish to pursue opportunities abroad can register for the test by applying through the IELTS 2018 application form. The International English Language Testing System is a test of four skill-sets. It should be noted that the selection procedure through IELTS varies from institution to institution. Hence, it is advisable that the candidate should be aware of the selection procedure and minimum IELTS result requirement for the respective organisations where they wish to apply. The IELTS test is conducted in more than 1,100 IELTS test locations in over 140 countries.
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