How to calculate and understand IELTS Scores
Understanding IELTS scores - When you apply to a university abroad, you will be asked to prove your English language proficiency through standardised test like IETLS. One of the world’s most popular English proficiency tests, IELTSis taken by more than 2.5 million people across the globe. The test is considered as an important element of the admission process. While different universities abroad have different admission requirements, IELTS scores are accepted by majority of universities across the world.
The English proficiency test is scored on a 9-band scale while other standardised tests like TOEFL and PTE are scored out of 120 and 10-90 respectively. The scoring process for IELTS is different from that of standardised tests, therefore, it is necessary to understand how to calculate and understand IELTS scores.
In this article, we explain the different concepts related to the IELTS scoring process and also how the test is scored.
IELTS Test Pattern
IELTS is divided into two parts -- Academic and General. IELTS Academic is preferred by aspirants who plan to take undergraduate or postgraduate programmes in a foreign country. IELTS General focuses on learning survival skills in social and workplace environment. In both cases, listening, reading and writing sections are completed on the same day while the speaking section can be accomplished up to a week or before or after other tests.
The total duration of the test is 2 hours and 45 minutes: listening 30 minutes, reading 60 minutes, writing 60 minutes and speaking for approximately 11-14 minutes.
In this article, canddiates can check all about how to understand IELTS scores and how to calculate IELTS scores.
How to understand IELTS scores: IELTS pattern
IELTS Test Component
4 sections, 40 items
3 part one-on-one conversation
3 sections, 40 items
What does the IELTS test include?
IELTS Listening- The listening section comprises 40 questions, each right answer is awarded with one mark, while there is no marking for wrong answers. Candidate can achieve maximum 9 bands as IELTS score in the section. The scores out of 40 are then converted to IELTS 9 bands.
Under the IELTS listening section, you will listen to four recordings of native English speakers and then write your answers to a series of questions. Here are four types of recordings that you may hear during the test:
How to understand your IELTS pattern: Samples of topics in IELTS listening section
A conversation between two people set in an everyday social context
A monologue set in an everyday social context, e.g. a speech about local facilities.
A conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context, e.g. a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment.
A monologue on an academic subject, e.g. a university lecture
Assessors will be looking for evidence of your ability to understand the main ideas and detailed factual information, the opinions and attitudes of speakers, the purpose of an utterance and evidence of your ability to follow the development of ideas.
IELTS Reading - The reading section, which is 60 minutes long, comprises 40 questions and similarly each right answer is awarded one mark. The candidate applying for IELTS can earn maximum nine bands as IELTS score. These include reading for gist, reading for main ideas, reading for detail, skimming, understanding logical argument and recognising writers' opinions, attitudes and purpose.
The reading section for both IELTS Academic and General are slightly different.
IELTS Academic test – It includes three long texts which range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. These are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. They have been selected for a non-specialist audience but are appropriate for people entering university courses or seeking professional registration.
IELTS General Training test - This includes extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines. These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English-speaking environment.
IELTS Writing - In the writing section, examiner uses assessment criteria to award IELTS band score for each criterion: Task achievement, Coherence and Cohesion, Lexical resource and grammatical range and accuracy.
IELTS Academic test - Topics are of general interest and are suitable for test takers entering undergraduate and postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration. There are two tasks:
You will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in your own words. You may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event.
You will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal style.
IELTS General Training -Topics are of general interest. There are two tasks:
You will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter requesting information or explaining the situation. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.
You will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be fairly personal in style.
Speaking - The speaking section scoring pattern is similar to that of the writing section. The speaking component assesses your use of spoken English. Every test is recorded.
Part 1 - the examiner will ask you general questions about yourself and a range of familiar topics, such as home, family, work, studies and interests. This part lasts between four and five minutes.
Part 2 - you will be given a card which asks you to talk about a particular topic. You will have one minute to prepare before speaking for up to two minutes. The examiner will then ask one or two questions on the same topic.
Part 3 - you will be asked further questions about the topic in Part 2. These will give you the opportunity to discuss more abstract ideas and issues. This part of the test lasts between four and five minutes.
How to understand and calculate your IELTS scores
IELTS being one of the most widely accepted English language proficiency test is different to other English proficiency tests like TOEFL or PTE. While all three test your English proficiency level, each test follows different pattern and duration. IELTS result is measured on a 9- band scale, while TOEFL and PTE are scored out of scores 120 and 10-90 respectively.
What is IELTS band score: Understand IELTS scores
IELTS is scored on a 9-band scale, where you will be given score from 1 to 9 for all the four sections- Listening, writing, reading and speaking. The average of the score secured in all four sections will be your overall IELTS scores. You can either score whole (4, 6, 7) or half (5.5, 7.5, 8.5) bands. Each band score has different meaning, for instance, if you achieve IELTS score band 5, it means you have partial command of the language and are able to handle basic communications, while a band score 8 would mean you have a good understanding of English language and make little errors.
How to calculate IELTS scores?
IELTS scores range between 0 and 9. Your score can be either in full or half band, i.e., 7.0 or 5.5 respectively. You will score a band for each section: listening, speaking, writing and reading, followed by an overall band score. The overall band score is the average of all the sections. For better understanding, here is an example:
How to calculate IELTS Score:
Total IELTS band score
In some cases, the overall band score is rounded of. Here is an example of such a case: if you score 3.5 for listening, 4.0 for reading, 4.0 for writing and 4.0 for speaking, you will be scoring an overall band score of 4.0 i.e., 15.5 divided by 4 is equal to 3.875. After the round off, it will be considered 4.0.
How to calculate IELTS Score: Example
Total IELTS band score
Here is a sample of IELTS score card:
How to calculate and understand IELTS scores: Band score description
You have a full operational command of the language. Your use of English is appropriate, accurate and fluent, and you show complete understanding.
Very good user
You have a fully operational command of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriate usage. You may misunderstand some things in unfamiliar situations. You handle complex detailed argumentation well.
You have an operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriate usage and misunderstandings in some situations. Generally you handle complex language well and understand detailed reasoning.
Generally you have an effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriate usage and misunderstandings. You can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.
You have a partial command of the language and cope with overall meaning in most situations, although you are likely to make many mistakes. You should be able to handle basic communication in your own field.
Your basic competence is limited to familiar situations. You frequently show problems in understanding and expression. You are not able to use complex language.
Extremely limited user
You convey and understand only general meaning in very familiar situations. There are frequent breakdowns in communication.
You have great difficulty understanding spoken and written English.
You have no ability to use the language except a few isolated words.
Did not attempt IELTS
You did not answer the questions.
There are no IELTS Test dates or specific IELTS eligibility criteria as such. But considering it is an English proficiency test, it is usually taken by applicants who wish to pursue undergraduate or postgraduate abroad. The English proficiency test is recognised all over the globe, with over 9,000 organisations , including educational institutions, employers, immigration authorities, government and professional bodies.
IELTS takers receive their IELTS score card within 13 days of the test date. Official IELTS test centres can send Test Report Forms directly to your organisation or institution (provided it has been nominated), either by mail or as an electronic download. IELTS scores are valid for two years. However, the acceptance of the IELTS scores depends on the selection procedure of the institute the candidate is applying to. One can apply for an enquiry on results procedure within 6-weeks of the IELTS test date. The enquiry fee is fully refunded if band score changes.
Stay tuned to www.studyabroad.careers360.com for more news and updates on IELTS
Questions related to IELTS
SIR PLEASE TELL ME if MY 12TH SCIENCE PERSENTAG 75 CAN I APPLY IELTS AND HOW MANY BENDS GET TO GO TO CANADA AND CAN YOU TELL ME THE ADMISSION PROCESSES ? THANK YOU
First of all when it comes to the eligibility criteria for IELTS, candidates are required to be above 16 years, there is no such educational qualification or aggregate for that matter, now IELTS is of two types, one for academic purpose and another is for work purpose/migration, now the question about band is more dependent on the course and university you'll be applying for but you haven't mentioned much details regarding , this generally securing 6.5 band or above helps, this is just an average score, when it comes to admission process there are many more factors taken into consideration,, to know more about IELTS , visit our page at https://studyabroad.careers360.com/exams/ielts
where to learn English fluently (0tohero) in Bangalore?
Online sites classes running in offline mode where you can learn everything from the basics to the advanced level of English proficiency and writing.
Some of the best online sites for English Speaking are- Udemy, learn English.com, English specialisation course by course, British Council English Classes, etc. There are multiple offline modes of coaching institutes in areas such as electronic City, Begur, etc. Where you can learn English speaking.
Hope this information helps you!!
HELLO SIR SIR CAN YOU PLEASE TELL ME CAN I GO CANADA AFTER 12TH SCIENCE OR AFTER B.E I CHOOS MY COURSE COMPUTER SCIENCE AND I BELONG GENERAL CETGARI AND TOTAL COST OF IT PLEASE GUIDE ME.. THANK YOU
To go to Canada for further studies, you first need to clear IELTS exam , it is an international English language testing system , every one who wants to go Canada either for business or studies need to clear this exam. this exam is basically to check your proficiency in English language. And next, you need to take admission in any college there to get the study visa (you can report to any nearby Visa/passport consultant for more information). Also, it will cost you around 18-19 lakhs (including admission in the college there).
Hope I answered your query, thankyou!
I cant speak fluent English can I attend IELTS if any chance is there to clear the exam
Hope your doing good
- The benchmark for testing the proficiency of English of a candidate is really set at a high level. So when a candidate thinks about taking the test, he should first assess his depth of knowledge in the English language.
- If you want to learn fast, then work harder. Learn in a scientific and systematic way. Be patient you can’t learn overnight.
- When you are learning ‘Spoken English,’ right from the word go start speaking and thinking in English.
Thinking in English? Sounds strange? But its’ a must for learner. Basically, learners from Non-English speaking countries think in their mother tongue and then translate into English. Its’ a completely wrong way, you must think in English.
Try your best to overcome your ‘Mother Tongue Bias.’ Its’ one of the biggest problems in case of the ‘Non-Native English Speakers.’ Read something loudly, record it using any device, then listen the recorded version to spot the difference and try to rectify it by repeating the process.
When you are learning ‘Spoken English,’ right from the word go start speaking and thinking in English.
Try to take up more mock tests and sample tests for more clarity and confidence.
Hope this helps, for more such information ping us back.
Goodluck for everything ahead:)
what is the minimum marks required for applying for the ielts test
This year onward there are no minimum IELTS Eligibility criteria 2020 set by the conducting bodies like IDP and British Council for the IELTS exam.
IELTS is an exam which is accepted by countries where English is the main language for communication purposes. It might be one of the basis for employment into an organization, or eligibility for admission into a particular institute, or a compulsion for the purpose of migration into a specific country.
For more detailed information. Kindly go through this link:
I hope it helps you.
Happy learning! !