Germany’s Free Education: Myths and Realities
Updated on Dec 15, 2014 - 5:52 p.m. IST by None #Germany
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With Lower Saxony becoming the last state to announce the abolition of tuition fee, Germany joined the league of countries that provide tertiary education for free. Now the public universities provide free education to all, including international students. Prior to the abolition, Germany had a minimal tuition fee of EUR 500 per semester, which is almost half of the monthly living expenses of a UK student or the amount spent by a US student on books.

Excited? It looks like a good bargain if you are a student yearning to get a degree from a foreign land. But before you start packing your bags, better understand the various aspects of ‘free education’.

 

Is education in Germany really free?

If you expect ‘no cost involved’ when they say ‘abolition of tuition fee’, well, then, you might get disappointed because the education in Germany is not ‘free’ in absolute terms. Remember, there’s no such thing as a free lunch. The universities charge a certain amount from both German and international students as student union fee, administrative costs and semester ticket.

Standard fee of top ten public universities in Germany after abolition of tuition fee

University Amount per semesterPurpose
Humboldt-Universität zu BerlinEUR 300University registration fee
Georg-August-Universität GöttingenEUR 290Administration and student union expense
Universität Bonn EUR 250Social service fee
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität FreiburgEUR 142Administrative and student activity fee
Universität RostockEUR 131Student services, student body and semester ticket
Ruprecht-Karls-Universität HeidelbergEUR 130Student union fee for common facilities
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenEUR 111Student union and semester fee
Technische Universität MünchenEUR 111Student union and basic semester fee
Universität LeipzigNot MentionedSemester ticket and student fee for Leipzig Student Services
Freie UniversitätNot MentionedSemester fees and contributions

The biggest expenditure a student has to bear is not necessarily the tuition fee. An international student must take care of various expenses such as housing, food, travel and health insurance costs. The average cost of student dormitories is EUR 250 and private housing is EUR 350. The student must shell out around EUR 800-1000 per month on food, travel and other expenses. Hence, the abolition of tuition fee does not make higher studies completely affordable in Germany.

 

Studying in a German University?

Apart from bagging a degree, many students expect a world-class, unique study experience from a foreign university which includes maximum global exposure, state-of-the-art infrastructure and various extracurricular activities that give them an opportunity to explore their areas of interest and mingle with students from various communities. While these are the unique selling points of most of the top destination universities, the universities in Germany are different. What you can expect here is classrooms and libraries not sports centres, health clubs and film societies.

 

“Germans are generally lazy when it comes to extracurricular activities. The out-of-the-classroom activities are definitely lower than in other countries such as the UK and the US. German students structure their lives very much independently from university activities and most generally the level of involvement is lower. This in particular applies to sports. While certain universities offer some form of sport clubs, they are only attended by very few students. There is generally less of a “community spirit” at German universities”, says Magdalena Kuenkel, who completed Bachelor’s Degree in Business Administration from Germany's Hamburg School of Business Administration.

 

The international experience is something that a student takes home along with a degree from a foreign university. Many universities across the world provide the opportunities to students to get to know each other through improved social life by providing them with in-campus accommodation and organizing various residential social events. However, the German students prefer staying with parents or renting apartments outside the campus mainly due to the poor quality of university dorms. The amount of time spent by the German students in the campus is very less compared to other countries, which further reduces the chances of an international student to get first hand knowledge of the country and its culture.

 

Academic advice and faculty support are two major features of universities abroad where the academic supervisor monitors the performance of each student. But you shouldn’t expect this personal academic guidance if you choose to go to a German University. Generally, the university classrooms are packed with an average of 200 students for graduate courses, which makes it difficult for the professors to even remember the face of his students. “Sometimes it is very difficult to understand the student-teacher ratio in German universities.  Indeed, for some undergraduate classes, there are main lectures with up to 250 people. However this varies significantly across universities and also field of study. Private universities generally have better student-teacher ratio as compared to public universities”, says Magdalena.

 

There are many countries where you can survive without knowing the local language if you are fluent in English. But Germany is an exception. Even though the German universities have started offering English-taught programmes, knowledge in German is inevitable to survive in Germany.

 

“Germany today offers over 1600 international programmes across all subject fields with English as the medium of instruction. Of these a majority are conducted in English medium where no knowledge of German is required. However, the DAAD encourages Indian students going to Germany to learn the German language as it ensures a smooth integration into the cultural fabric of Germany. Having basic German language proficiency helps in getting industry internships and part-time jobs. Language skills play an important role in improving employment prospects”, says Aditi Gosavi, Senior Advisor - Public Relations and Communications at German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

 

Is German free education a good model to replicate?

Germany-Free-Education-2Germany’s decision to make higher education free increased the demand for highly subsidised education in countries like the UK, where the higher education is very costly. The UK students took to the streets in 2010 to protest against the government’s decision to reduce spending on higher education and increase tuition fee cap. Despite thousands of students marching through Central London demanding subsidised education, the tuition fee kept on increasing every year. The UK institutions as well as the government feel that free education is not a viable solution to attract foreign students.

 

“The OECD in its latest report found that UK has a sustainable education system, which is good for both students and tax payers. Since the universities sustain by charging the education imparted to the students, they are robust, independent and competent with strong financial foundations. This, in turn, reduces a huge burden on the government”, says Greg Clark, Minister of State for Universities, Science and Cities, the UK.

 

The hidden costs

Of course, nothing comes for free in this extremely competitive, market-driven economy of 21st century. The German higher education is very science-heavy with much focus on research. It is extremely expensive to maintain and run such kind of an education system, especially when the students are not paying for it. Now, the question arises. Who will pay for the free tertiary education? The German public universities are funded by the state which, in turn will pass over the burden to the common man in the form of taxes. Germany has the second highest income tax burden among the 34 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. According to the 2012 estimates, the Germans pay 49.8% of their income as tax.

 

Burden on taxes

Germany-Free-education-1The third party payment system is not only adding the tax burden but also causing a moral hazard due to the insensitivity of the students. Since the education is free, the students take additional years to complete the course. The average graduating age of a student in Germany is 28 years as compared to 24 years of a UK student, says a report commissioned for European Commission Framework Project. While the UK and the US students are burdened with education loan and high competition in the job market, the free tertiary education gives leniency to German students to take their own sweet time to complete the course. Germany is also notorious for its Dauer Studenten (eternal students) who are enrolled in a university for up to 20 years.

 

Quality is a plus point

These factors make a student to have a second thought before applying at a German university. However, the universities in Germany find a place in the world university ranking every year due to their high quality scientific research. The Times Higher Education Ranking 2014 places Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München at 29th position and Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg at 70th position. Technische Universität München obtains 54th position in QS World University Ranking. The number of Indian students enrolled in German universities increased by 27.71% in 2013-14. If you are a student with good knowledge in German and high motivation, Germany is your best study abroad destination which gives you a degree without burdening you with much financial liability.

 

Also Read:

Germany: Admission and Visa Guidelines
Work in Germany after studies
Know all about Studying in Germany

 

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Questions related to Germany

Showing 58 out of 58 Questions
4 Views

I am bca student I want to take an admission in Germany for msc computer . what should I do? or what is my eligibility criteria?

Sanjay Khandelwal 20th Feb, 2020
You will have to look in the colleges and universities providing this course and see which has better ranking and are under your budget. You must have good score in UG. You will need a good IELTS score above 6 band. And see whether course is available in English. German language isnt must but start learning. Go straight to their website apply directly and wait for their response.
7 Views

I have done my bachelors in Civil Engineering. I want to pursue Masters in architecture either in India or abroad. is it possible?

Deblina Maity 20th Feb, 2020

Yes, it is possible to do M.Arch. in India. But, there are only few colleges who provide this option and also you will get only two or three streams under M.Arch which are related to civil engineering like urban planning and development. But in abroad as they provide interdisciplinary courses so you have better options and scope.

7 Views

which all universities in germany provide ms in embedded systems??

Nikki Nair 14th Feb, 2020

Hello Aswin

Well German universities offer a variety of courses,According to your preference

Some of the German universities that provide MS in Embedded Systems are

1.TU Chemnitz

2.University of Sttutgart(Infotech branch)

3.RWTH ACHEN

4.TU BERLIN

Well you can find many more public and private university on the official website

www.daad.de/en/ (//www.daad.de/en/)

In this website you can sort your preferences ,location,and subject

I hope this helps

Thanks and Regards

9 Views

i am planning to do ms in engg in germany !!! so how do i start?

Nikki Nair 14th Feb, 2020

Hello Aswin

Getting into German universities can be quite tough,As the give you world class education they also expect you too be quite advanced with your work

Here are some tips to start preparing

1.Complete minimum A1 and A2 exam in German language(Basic requirement),they have 2 types of course English taught and German taught

Even if you are getting into English Program they will still need German language for basic interaction

2.Get a good score (2.5 on German scale)

3.Collect your documents right away(All important marksheet)

4.Show your X-factor(can be anything from playing guitar to writing a book)

5.Apply at all German univ of your chioice

and then sit back and relax.

I hope this helps

Thanks

18 Views

iam completed my diploma mechanical engineering I want to study higher education in Germany so plz give me some information about this

deepika bala Student Expert 11th Feb, 2020
Hello Susan,
The diploma degree u pursued is validated in Germany but with the standard equivalent to German school of mechanics. You can contact the concerned university for diploma students acceptance and moreover the practical based learning  is essential for engineering courses which is not so common in india so you should definitely give it a try for great experience and exposure.
Best of luck .
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